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Focused ultrasound in Parkinson's disease: A twofold path toward disease modification.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Focused ultrasound in Parkinson's disease: A twofold path toward disease modification."

A major unmet need in Parkinson's disease (PD) is to slow the inexorable progression of neurodegeneration. Clinical trials that evaluated promising pharmacological strategies have repeatedly failed. Nonetheless, the advent of focused ultrasound provides new opportunities toward the goal of developing a safe and effective disease-modifying therapy for PD. Here we discuss the rationale, possible avenues, and challenges along this path, exploiting the potential of focused ultrasound for (1) performing focal thermal lesions to restore the basic basal ganglia abnormalities associated with dopamine depletion, and (2) transiently opening the blood-brain barrier for targeted delivery of therapeutic agents. First, the classic idea of excitotoxicity mediated by hyperactivity of the subthalamic nucleus suggests that focused ultrasound subthalamotomy may offer a clinically viable disease-modifying therapy in very-early PD. Second, the concept of retrograde nigrostriatal neurodegeneration, supported by our recent cortical pathogenic theory of PD, points toward the putamen as a principal site for focused ultrasound blood-brain barrier opening and targeted drug delivery. In principle, both therapeutic strategies-subthalamotomy and putaminal blood-brain barrier opening-could eventually be applied in the same patient. Clinical application is still a long road ahead; nevertheless, focused ultrasound may open a twofold path toward disease modification in PD. © 2019 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

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Name: Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society
ISSN: 1531-8257
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