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Fistula-in-ano and pilonidal disease are not known to occur together. In a retrospective study, all patients having fistula-pilonidal disease coexisting simultaneously were included. Out of 1284 patients, 933 were operated (fistula-in-ano, 849; pilonidal disease, 77; and coexisting fistula-pilonidal, 7). A total of 351 patients did not undergo any surgery (two patients had coexisting fistula-pilonidal). Thus, a total of nine patients having coexisting fistula-pilonidal sinus were included in the study (mean age 35.8 ± 19.9 years, M/F 7/2). pIn 6/9 patients, the pilonidal tract was communicating with fistula-in-ano, and in 3/9 patients, they were not communicating/connected. The connection could be established preoperatively with the help of MRI. In all patients with communicating fistula-pilonidal sinus (n=6), the fistula was posterior. 6/9 patients had recurrent fistula and all (9/9) had multiple tracts. The fistula was high and complex in 8/9 patients (grade IV-7, grade V-1). 4/9 patients tested positive for tuberculosis while one patient was suffering from hidradenitis suppurativa. The latter improved on medical treatment. One patient did not agree for surgery and seven were operated. The disease healed in four patients, the disease did not heal in one patient, and two patients were in the convalescent stage. Anal fistula and pilonidal disease can coexist in a same patient and can even be connected. Such diseases are more complex and have a higher incidence of associated diseases like tuberculosis. Magnetic resonance imaging plays a pivotal role in diagnosis. If the connection is missed, the disease treatment becomes difficult.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International wound journal
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A hair-containing cyst or sinus, occurring chiefly in the coccygeal region.
A fistula between the maxillary sinus and the oral cavity.
A chronic suppurative and cicatricial disease of the apocrine glands occurring chiefly in the axillae in women and in the groin and anal regions in men. It is characterized by poral occlusion with secondary bacterial infection, evolving into abscesses which eventually rupture. As the disease becomes chronic, ulcers appear, sinus tracts enlarge, fistulas develop, and fibrosis and scarring become evident.
An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).
An acquired or spontaneous abnormality in which there is communication between CAVERNOUS SINUS, a venous structure, and the CAROTID ARTERIES. It is often associated with HEAD TRAUMA, specifically basilar skull fractures (SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR). Clinical signs often include VISION DISORDERS and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by bacteria belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Over nine million new cases of TB, and nearly two million deaths from TB, are estimated to occur around the world every year, and new inf...