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The similarity in size among siblings has implications for neonatal death, but research in this area is lacking in the United States. We examined the association between small-for-gestational age (SGA), defined as a birthweight <10th percentile for gestational age, and neonatal death, defined as death within the first 28 days of life, among second births who had an elder sibling with SGA ("repeaters") versus those whose elder sibling did not have SGA ("nonrepeaters").
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of perinatology
Studies have revealed associations between preceding short and long birth-to-birth or birth-to-pregnancy intervals and poor pregnancy outcomes. Most of these studies, however, have examined the effect...
This prospective cohort study aimed to assess the association of admission hypothermia (AH) with death and/or major neonatal morbidities among very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants based on the...
6.5-9 million newborns worldwide require resuscitation at birth annually. During neonatal resuscitation, inaccurate or slow heart rate (HR) assessments may significantly increase risk of infant mortal...
There is evidence to support the use of antenatal corticosteroids prior to late preterm birth at 35 to 36 weeks' gestation and for specific 'at-risk' populations, such as planned cesarean section birt...
Adverse birth outcomes continue to be a global public health challenge, particularly in low resource settings. Therefore, the present study aimed at assessing maternal determinants of low birth weight...
Perinatal asphyxia is common cause of acquired neonatal brain injury in neonates associated with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, leading to long-term neurologic complication or death. In ...
Premature birth is a major cause of neonatal death in addition to neonatal asphyxia and infections. Early in life, premature babies must get aggressive nutrition so that there is no ...
In China, birth defects can reach as high as 5.6%, about 900,000 new cases of birth defects are added each year, making it the second cause of death for infants, with a total death rate of...
Pakistan has the third highest number of neonatal deaths worldwide. During the last two decades (1990-2013), neonatal mortality rate in the country has declined by only 1.0% per year. Seve...
Preterm birth is a major cause of child mortality and morbidity, most of which occurs in south-east Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. To date few neonatal cause of death studies, especially in ...
A severe form of neonatal dwarfism with very short limbs. All cases have died at birth or later in the neonatal period.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
A disorder of neuromuscular transmission that occurs in a minority of newborns born to women with myasthenia gravis. Clinical features are usually present at birth or develop in the first 3 days of life and consist of hypotonia and impaired respiratory, suck, and swallowing abilities. This condition is associated with the passive transfer of acetylcholine receptor antibodies through the placenta. In the majority of infants the myasthenic weakness resolves (i.e., transient neonatal myasthenia gravis) although this disorder may rarely continue beyond the neonatal period (i.e., persistent neonatal myasthenia gravis). (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p823; Neurology 1997 Jan;48(1):50-4)
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
Fetal and neonatal addiction and withdrawal as a result of the mother's dependence on drugs during pregnancy. Withdrawal or abstinence symptoms develop shortly after birth. Symptoms exhibited are loud, high-pitched crying, sweating, yawning and gastrointestinal disturbances.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...