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Asthma is a complex chronic disease and the pathogenesis is still not entirely clear. In this study, we aimed to clarify the role and mechanism of miR-29b in the development of asthma. We observed that miR-29b levels were decreased in the lung and spleen of OVA-induced asthmatic mice. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and flow cytometry demonstrated that the inducible co-stimulator (ICOS) expression at mRNA and protein levels was elevated in the lung of asthmatic mice, and miR-29b expression in the lung of asthmatic mice was negatively associated with ICOS mRNA levels by Pearson Correlation analysis. Additional, flow cytometry showed that the percentage of CD4+ICOS+ T cells in the lung and spleen was regulated by miR-29b, and dual luciferase reporter assay confirmed ICOS was a target gene of miR-29b. Furthermore, miR-29b overexpression in asthmatic mice was induced with miR-29b agomir by intranasal administration; miR-29b alleviated total inflammatory cell infiltration and CCL24 levels, decreased IL-5 levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and serum, and upregulated IFN-γ expression in serum. This study demonstrates that miR-29b targets ICOS, thereby reverses the imbalance of T helper 1 cells (Th1)/Th2 responses and decreases eosinophils recruitment in the airway, which are key features of allergic airway inflammation. Therefore, miR-29b might be an attractive candidate target for asthma treatment.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International archives of allergy and immunology
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The activated center of a lymphoid follicle in secondary lymphoid tissue where B-LYMPHOCYTES are stimulated by antigens and helper T cells (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER) are stimulated to generate memory cells.
Subpopulation of CD4+ lymphocytes that cooperate with other lymphocytes (either T or B) to initiate a variety of immune functions. For example, helper-inducer T-cells cooperate with B-cells to produce antibodies to thymus-dependent antigens and with other subpopulations of T-cells to initiate a variety of cell-mediated immune functions.
Small, linear single-stranded RNA molecules functionally acting as molecular parasites of certain RNA plant viruses. Satellite RNAs exhibit four characteristic traits: (1) they require helper viruses to replicate; (2) they are unnecessary for the replication of helper viruses; (3) they are encapsidated in the coat protein of the helper virus; (4) they have no extensive sequence homology to the helper virus. Thus they differ from SATELLITE VIRUSES which encode their own coat protein, and from the genomic RNA; (=RNA, VIRAL); of satellite viruses. (From Maramorosch, Viroids and Satellites, 1991, p143)
Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.
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