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A Phase II Study of Cisplatin Plus Gemcitabine followed by Maintenance Gemcitabine for Advanced Squamous Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Kyoto Thoracic Oncology Research Group 1302.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A Phase II Study of Cisplatin Plus Gemcitabine followed by Maintenance Gemcitabine for Advanced Squamous Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Kyoto Thoracic Oncology Research Group 1302."

There has been no study so far on gemcitabine continuous maintenance therapy targeting only squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of cisplatin plus gemcitabine followed by maintenance gemcitabine for chemotherapy- naïve Japanese patients with advanced squamous NSCLC.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Oncology
ISSN: 1423-0232
Pages: 1-7

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

The interval between two successive CELL DIVISIONS during which the CHROMOSOMES are not individually distinguishable. It is composed of the G phases (G1 PHASE; G0 PHASE; G2 PHASE) and S PHASE (when DNA replication occurs).

Functionalization of exogenous substances to prepare them for conjugation in PHASE II DETOXIFICATION. Phase I enzymes include CYTOCHROME P450 enzymes and some OXIDOREDUCTASES. Excess induction of phase I over phase II detoxification leads to higher levels of FREE RADICALS that can induce CANCER and other cell damage. Induction or antagonism of phase I detoxication is the basis of a number of DRUG INTERACTIONS.

The period of the CELL CYCLE following DNA synthesis (S PHASE) and preceding M PHASE (cell division phase). The CHROMOSOMES are tetraploid in this point.

Work that is a report of a pre-planned, usually controlled, clinical study of the safety and efficacy of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques after phase II trials. A large enough group of patients is studied and closely monitored by physicians for adverse response to long-term exposure, over a period of about three years in either the United States or a foreign country.

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