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Ouabain (OUA) is a cardiotonic glycoside originally extracted from African plants. It has also been described as an endogenous component in mammals, being released in stress situations mainly by the adrenal gland. OUA has been reported to be capable of inhibiting mitogen-induced lymphocyte proliferation and also affects B and T lymphocytes.
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Studies made in the Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cell line showed that ouabain regulates cell adhesion and cell-adhesion-related biological processes, such as migration. Here, we demons...
Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD) is a common complication for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), a disease caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)...
In tumor immunity, the participation of IL-10-producing regulatory B cells (Bregs), which play an important role in suppressing immune responses, is unclear. In this study, we demonstrated an increase...
High-dose chemotherapy and/or radiation given before an allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation severely damage thymic epithelial cells (TECs) resulting in poor posttransplant immune recovery. I...
Ouabain, a well-known plant-derived toxin, is also a hormone found in mammals at nanomolar levels that binds to a site located in the a-subunit of Na⁺,K⁺-ATPase. Our main goal was to understand th...
The aim of the study is to investigate and clarify whether the effect of IL-6 on glucose tolerance and insulin secretion are secondary to the changes in gastric emptying. The literature p...
This study evaluates the effect of erythropoietin on the number and function of regulatory T cells in adults with autoimmune hepatitis. Participants will receive a single dose of erythropo...
Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in up to 30% of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, and often requires patients to go on dialysis. In patients needing dialysi...
There is currently no imaging technique allowing to directly visualize and measure pancreatic beta-cell mass. Consequently, the best parameter to estimate this mass is the insulin (and its...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether ticagrelor is effective in reducing the number of days of pain, intensity of pain, and reducing the use of analgesics due to sickle cell d...
The secretion of histamine from mast cell and basophil granules by exocytosis. This can be initiated by a number of factors, all of which involve binding of IgE, cross-linked by antigen, to the mast cell or basophil's Fc receptors. Once released, histamine binds to a number of different target cell receptors and exerts a wide variety of effects.
A number of different cardioactive glycosides obtained from Strophanthus species. OUABAIN is from S. gratus and CYMARINE from S. kombe. They are used like the digitalis glycosides.
Mice homozygous for the mutant autosomal recessive gene "scid" which is located on the centromeric end of chromosome 16. These mice lack mature, functional lymphocytes and are thus highly susceptible to lethal opportunistic infections if not chronically treated with antibiotics. The lack of B- and T-cell immunity resembles severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) syndrome in human infants. SCID mice are useful as animal models since they are receptive to implantation of a human immune system producing SCID-human (SCID-hu) hematochimeric mice.
A strain of ENCEPHALOMYOCARDITIS VIRUS, a species of CARDIOVIRUS, usually causing an inapparent intestinal infection in mice. A small number of mice may show signs of flaccid paralysis.
A myogenic regulatory factor that controls myogenesis. Myogenin is induced during differentiation of every skeletal muscle cell line that has been investigated, in contrast to the other myogenic regulatory factors that only appear in certain cell types.
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...