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Low birth-weight (bw), low birth-length (bl), unfavourable intrauterine conditions and post-natal catch-up growth can have an impact on growth and metabolic health later in life.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Hormone research in paediatrics
Cerebral cavernous malformations are focal vascular lesions of the brain, occurring sporadically or as an autosomal dominant familial form. The genetic background influences not only the clinical cour...
This paper shows that early-life health is an important determinant of labor market vulnerability during macroeconomic downturns. Using data on twins during Sweden's crisis of the early 1990s, we show...
Substantial efforts have been made to investigate the neurobiological underpinnings of human obesity with a number of studies indicating a profound influence of increased body weight on brain structur...
Low birth weight is an important predictor of maternal and child health. Birth weight is likely to be affected by maternal health, socioeconomic status and quality of health care facilities.
This study analyses the differences in birth outcomes between Roma and non-Roma mothers and investigates the potential causes of such differences.
The trough concentration of metformin will be examined in monozygotic and dizygotic twins. Current twin study will determine the total weight of genetics on the trough concentration of met...
Cobedding consists of associating twins in a common cocoon in order to maintain links developed in utero and reduce the stress of premature birth. The aim of this randomized, controlled pr...
The purpose of this study is to understand the hereditability of sleep homeostasis, i.e., drive for sleep by looking at monozygotic and dizygotic twins.
The 2-BIG is a twin birth cohort study located in Guangzhou, China.Its initial aim is to facilitate research on understanding the interplay between genes and environmental factors on disea...
Women pregnant with twins or triplets are at high risk of preterm birth, yet no intervention or approach has served to reduce this risk. A recently completed trial by the NICHD sponsored M...
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
Two off-spring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from a single fertilized OVUM that split into two EMBRYOS. Such twins are usually genetically identical and of the same sex.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
Methods of detecting genetic etiology in human traits. The basic premise of twin studies is that monozygotic twins, being formed by the division of a single fertilized ovum, carry identical genes, while dizygotic twins, being formed by the fertilization of two ova by two different spermatozoa, are genetically no more similar than two siblings born after separate pregnancies. (Last, J.M., A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
MONOZYGOTIC TWINS who are joined in utero. They may be well developed and share only a superficial connection, often in the frontal, transverse or sagittal body plane, or they may share a partial duplication of a body structure. Alternatively, there may be a small and incompletely developed twin conjoined to a larger, more fully developed twin.