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Hyperinsulinemia restrains endometrial angiogenesis during decidualization in mice and human models.

08:00 EDT 1st August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Hyperinsulinemia restrains endometrial angiogenesis during decidualization in mice and human models."

Previous research on the role of insulin has focused on metabolism. This study investigated the effect of insulin on angiogenesis in endometrial decidualization. High insulin-treated mouse model were constructed by subcutaneous injection of insulin. Venous blood glucose, serum insulin, P4, E2, FSH and LH levels in the pregnant mice were detected by ELISA. Decidual markers, angiogenesis factors and decidual vascular network were detected during decidualization in the pregnant mouse model and an artificially induced decidualization mouse model. Tube formation ability and angiogenesis factors expression were also detected in high insulin-treated HUVECS cells. To confirm whether autophagy participates in hyperinsulinemia-impaired decidual angiogenesis, autophagy were detected in vivo and in vitro. During decidualization, in the condition of high insulin, serum insulin and blood glucose were significantly higher while ovarian steroid hormones were also disordered (p<0.05), decidual markers BMP2 and PRL was significantly lower (p<0.05). Uterine CD34 staining showed that the size of the vascular sinus was significantly smaller than that in control. Endometrial VEGFA was significantly decreased after treatment with high insulin in vivo and in vitro (p<0.05), whereas ANG-1 and TIE2 expression was significantly increased (p<0.05). In addition, aberrant expression of autophagy markers revealed that autophagy participates in endometrial angiogenesis during decidualization (p<0.05). After treated with the autophagy inhibitor 3-MA in HUVEC, the originally damaged cell tube formation ability and VEGFA expression were repaired. This study suggests that endometrial angiogenesis during decidualization was impaired by hyperinsulinemia in early pregnant mice.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Journal of endocrinology
ISSN: 1479-6805
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