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Trehalose augments autophagy to mitigate stress induced inflammation in human corneal cells.

08:00 EDT 11th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Trehalose augments autophagy to mitigate stress induced inflammation in human corneal cells."

Cornea acts as a structural barrier and protects the eye from environmental stresses. Inflammation in ocular surface causes discomfort and visual distortion. Defective autophagy has been associated with inflammation and ocular surface diseases. Therefore, we explored the protective role of trehalose on inflammation and desiccation-triggered stress in human corneal cells in vitro and in dry eye patients.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The ocular surface
ISSN: 1937-5913
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An autophagy related protein that is similar to UBIQUITIN-ACTIVATING ENZYME E1. It functions in CYTOPLASM to VACUOLE transport (Cvt) and AUTOPHAGY by activating ATG12 PROTEIN for its conjugation with ATG5 PROTEIN, as well as the conjugation of ATG8 FAMILY PROTEINS with phosphatidylethanolamine for ATG8 association to Cvt vesicles and AUTOPHAGOSOME membranes. It is also required for the nitrogen starvation response in yeast, MITOPHAGY; and autophagic cell death induced by CASPASE 8 inhibition.

Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).

Proteins and enzymes that function, often as components of MULTIPROTEIN COMPLEXES, to assemble AUTOPHAGOSOMES and carry out AUTOPHAGY.

Various physiological or molecular disturbances that impair ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM function. It triggers many responses, including UNFOLDED PROTEIN RESPONSE, which may lead to APOPTOSIS; and AUTOPHAGY.

A class of traumatic stress disorders that is characterized by the significant dissociative states seen immediately after overwhelming trauma. By definition it cannot last longer than 1 month, if it persists, a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (STRESS DISORDERS, POST-TRAUMATIC) is more appropriate.

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