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A comparative analysis of protein virulence factors released via extracellular vesicles in two Candida albicans strains cultivated in a nutrient-limited medium.

08:00 EDT 11th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A comparative analysis of protein virulence factors released via extracellular vesicles in two Candida albicans strains cultivated in a nutrient-limited medium."

One of the pathways for the delivery of virulence effector molecules into the extracellular environment of Candida albicans relies on the release of membrane-bound carriers which are called extracellular vesicles (EVs). Only a few studies aimed at investigating Candida albicans extracellular vesicles protein cargo and its potential contribution to the pathogenesis of C. albicans infections have been conducted to date. In this study, we mainly focused on a search for proteins with a demonstrated linkage to pathogenesis in EVs isolated from two C. albicans strains, the model strain ATCC 90028 and the clinical isolate from a woman suffering from vulvovaginal candidiasis. For the purpose of mimicking one of many hostile conditions during a host-pathogen interaction, C. albicans strains in a nutrient-limited medium were cultivated. We have hypothesized that this unfavourable, stressful condition could contribute to the induction of virulence effector molecules being released at a more extensive rate. In conclusion, 34 proteins with an undisputed linkage to C. albicans pathogenesis were detected in the extracellular vesicle cargoes of both strains. In case of the clinical isolate strain, no unique virulence-associated proteins were detected. In the C. albicans ATCC 90028 model strain, three unique proteins were detected, namely: agglutinin-like protein 3 (Als3), secreted aspartic protease 8 (Sap8) and cell surface superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn] 6 (Sod6).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Microbial pathogenesis
ISSN: 1096-1208
Pages: 103666

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Membrane limited structures derived from cell membranes and cytoplasmic material, and released into EXTRACELLULAR SPACE. They circulate through the EXTRACELLULAR FLUID and through the peripheral blood in the MICROVASCULATURE where cells, much larger, cannot, thereby affecting a variety of intercellular communication processes.

Endosomes containing intraluminal vesicles which are formed by the inward budding of the endosome membrane. Multivesicular bodies (MVBs) may fuse with other organelles such as LYSOSOMES or fuse back with the PLASMA MEMBRANE releasing their contents by EXOCYTOSIS. The MVB intraluminal vesicles released into the extracellular environment are known as EXOSOMES.

Vesicles derived from the GOLGI APPARATUS containing material to be released at the cell surface.

The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.

Vesicles secreted from MULTIVESICULAR BODIES into the extracellular environment when the multivesicular bodies fuse with the PLASMA MEMBRANE. Multivesicular bodies are formed from ENDOSOMES when they accumulate vesicles (sometimes referred to as "intraluminal vesicles") from inward budding of the endosome membrane.

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