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Although aquaculture is among the fastest growing food production sectors in the world, one of the bottlenecks for the continuity of its expansion is the dependence of animal protein on commercial feed formulations. Vegetable proteins are an alternative due to the low cost and high availability. However, this protein source is accompanied by a series of antinutritional and pro-inflammatory compounds, including phytate. Phytases can be added in feed for phytate degradation and increase nutrient availability. However, the use of purified phytases significantly increases the production costs. An interesting alternative is to use probiotics genetically modified as bioreactors for phytase production. In the present study, a strain of Bacillus subtilis secreting a fungal phytase was used to evaluate the effect of a feed with high content of soybean meal on zebrafish (Danio rerio). We analysed the condition factor (K) of fish, and the expression of genes related to the immune system, inflammatory response and oxidative. stress. The results obtained demonstrate that the transgenic probiotic was efficient in improving the fish condition factor, stimulating the immune system, reducing the inflammatory response and oxidative stress. Thus, probiotics acting as phytase bioreactors can be considered an interesting tool for the adaptation of commercial species to feed of lower cost.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Fish & shellfish immunology
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The biochemical and electrophysiological interactions between the NERVOUS SYSTEM and IMMUNE SYSTEM that result in regulation of the immune system by the nervous system.
Alteration of the immune system or of an immune response by agents that activate or suppress its function. This can include IMMUNIZATION or administration of immunomodulatory drugs. Immunomodulation can also encompass non-therapeutic alteration of the immune system effected by endogenous or exogenous substances.
Mechanisms of action and interactions of the components of the IMMUNE SYSTEM.
Regeneration of normal immune function after immune depleting procedures or infections (e.g., HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION). Delayed and incomplete reconstitution of the ADAPTIVE IMMUNE system in particular involving T-CELLS is associated with increase or relapse of infection.
The immunological phenomenon by which exposure to some organisms or vaccines can profoundly alter the host's response to subsequent exposure to unrelated (heterologous) organisms or vaccines.
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