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The brain processes information and generates cognitive and motor outputs through functions of spatially organized proteins in different types of neurons. More complete knowledge of proteins and their distributions within neuronal compartments in intact circuits would help in the understanding of brain function. We used unbiased in vivo protein labeling with intravitreal NHS-biotin for discovery and analysis of endogenous axonally transported proteins in the visual system using tandem mass spectrometric proteomics, biochemistry, and both light and electron microscopy. Purification and proteomic analysis of biotinylated peptides identified ∼1,000 proteins transported from retinal ganglion cells into the optic nerve and ∼575 biotinylated proteins recovered from presynaptic compartments of lateral geniculate nucleus and superior colliculus. Approximately 360 biotinylated proteins were differentially detected in the two retinal targets. This study characterizes axonally transported proteins in the healthy adult visual system by analyzing proteomes from multiple compartments of retinal ganglion cell projections in the intact brain.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cell reports
Mitochondrial optic neuropathies such as Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) and Dominant Optic Atrophy (DOA) have been shown to produce an optic neuropathy secondary to retinal ganglion cell l...
Glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Vascular factors play a substantial role in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. Expressed in the vascular endothelium, cytochrome P450 (CYP) ...
The objectives of this study were to investigate whether carnosine can increase retinal ganglion cell (RGC) survival in the mouse retina and to determine the possible association between nuclear facto...
We investigate if the BMP4/Smad1 intracellular signaling pathway is neuroprotective and axogenic in adult rodent retinal ganglion cells (RGC) in vivo and in vitro.
Ocular hypertension is a primary risk factor for glaucoma and results in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) degeneration. Current animal models of glaucoma lack severe RGC cell death as seen in glaucoma, mak...
Clinical trial.gov Brief summary : Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is an optic neuropathy due to acute or subacute ischemic event of anterior optic nerve a...
RT-View utilizes spectral domain technology to assess both RNFL and ganglion cell layer thickness. This study aims to correlate visual field defects in patients with glaucoma to both RNFL ...
The use of the femtosecond laser causes an increase in the intraocular pressure (IOP) between 100 mm Hg and 200 mm Hg for a period of about 80 seconds (suction phase). If it is known that...
Neuroretinal damage in diabetes produces functional abnormalities such as the loss of chromatic discrimination,contrast sensitivity and dark adaptation. These alterations can be detected b...
A variety of studies demonstrate that ocular blood flow is altered in diabetes and retinal perfusion abnormalities have been proposed to contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopa...
The portion of the optic nerve seen in the fundus with the ophthalmoscope. It is formed by the meeting of all the retinal ganglion cell axons as they enter the optic nerve.
The bridge between the inner and the outer segments of a retinal rod or a cone photoreceptor cell. Through it, proteins synthesized in the inner segment are transported to the outer segment.
INTERNEURONS of the vertebrate RETINA containing two processes. They receive inputs from the RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS and send outputs to the RETINAL GANGLION CELLS. The bipolar cells also make lateral connections in the retina with the RETINAL HORIZONTAL CELLS and with the AMACRINE CELLS.
Neurons of the innermost layer of the retina, the internal plexiform layer. They are of variable sizes and shapes, and their axons project via the OPTIC NERVE to the brain. A small subset of these cells act as photoreceptors with projections to the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEUS, the center for regulating CIRCADIAN RHYTHM.
Nerve cells of the RETINA in the pathway of transmitting light signals to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. They include the outer layer of PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS, the intermediate layer of RETINAL BIPOLAR CELLS and AMACRINE CELLS, and the internal layer of RETINAL GANGLION CELLS.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...