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Early mammary tissue development occurs prenatally. This process is hormone-independent, and occurs similarly in males and females. Breast tissue is quiescent until puberty at which time surging estrogen levels in cisgender girls mediate breast development and growth. Adult breast tissue composition further evolves in cisgender women during pregnancy, lactation and menopause revealing the ever-changing interplay between breast structure and hormonal environment. Breast growth is a significant physical endpoint in the hormonal treatment of transgender women. Transgender hormone regimens, which typically pair an estrogen with an anti-androgen, can help achieve this goal. The objective of this article is to describe the hormonal pathways required for breast development in cisgender women and to review the current available literature describing breast growth and breast cancer risk in transgender women.
This article was published in the following journal.
HIV prevalence among transgender women is disproportional when compared to the general population in various countries. Stigma and discrimination based on gender identity have frequently been associat...
In the United States, transgender women and transfeminine nonbinary individuals (TGWNBI) are a highly vulnerable and marginalized population at high risk for HIV. Despite disproportionate rates of HIV...
We explored potential HIV transmission typologies that involve transgender women to obtain insights on sexual and needle-sharing networks as sources of HIV infection.
There is still lack of consensus on the benefit-harm balance of breast cancer screening. In this scenario women's values and preferences are crucial for developing health related recommendations. In t...
Safety and Efficacy Study of Injectable Cabotegravir Compared to Daily Oral Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate/Emtricitabine (TDF/FTC), For Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis in HIV-Uninfected Cisgender Men and Transgender Women Who Have Sex With Men
This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of the injectable drug cabotegravir (CAB LA), for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in HIV-uninfected cisgender men and transgender women who...
Florida has the fifth largest transgender population in the United States. Transgender women, particularly those of color, in the southern part of Florida are a marginalized population who...
The voice is a reflection of our identity. In the case of transgender women, there may be a gap between perceived male voice and female appearance. Indeed, hormonal treatment in transgende...
The purpose of this study is to review retrospectively cases of breast cancer of the centers belonging to the BREST UNIT Tuscany North-West Wide Area and compare the imaging characteristic...
This study will analyze blood samples to identify substances that are associated with the development of breast cancer. It will determine if: - Women who are diagnosed with a benign b...
A rare, benign, inflammatory breast disease occurring in premenopausal women shortly after a recent pregnancy. The origin is unknown but it is commonly mistaken for malignancy and sometimes associated with BREAST FEEDING and the use of ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.
Women licensed to practice medicine.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.
Track and monitor developments in breast cancer research and commercial development. Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on breast cancer and follow companies active in the development of breast cancer tr...
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Disorders Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several g...