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Completely substituting e-cigarettes (EC) for combustible tobacco cigarettes reduces exposure to toxicants and carcinogens. However, a large proportion of EC users (dual users) continue to smoke conventional cigarettes. This study aimed to compare estimated nicotine intake and e-cigarette use characteristics between exclusive EC users and dual users.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Addiction (Abingdon, England)
People's perceptions of the harmfulness of e-cigarettes, compared with cigarettes, may influence their product use decisions. We tested if perceiving e-cigarettes as less harmful than cigarettes predi...
E-cigarette use is highly prevalent among adolescents. However, little research has examined the relationship between e-cigarette use and sleep-related complaints in this population. The objective of ...
Increasing numbers of adults in the United States use more than one tobacco product. Most use cigarettes in combination with other tobacco products. However, little is known about the all-cause and ca...
There is an increased need to understand how e-cigarette flavors may contribute to e-cigarette uptake and use among youth. We examined the relationship between perceived ease of flavored e-cigarette u...
There is strong interest in the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) globally. Not much is known about the dual use of e-cigarettes and combustible tobacco cigarettes, or if there are demograph...
In this one-year pilot study of 30 non-treatment seeking young adult e-cigarette/cigarette dual users (15 males/15 females), we will use smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment (E...
This study is designed to enhance the understanding of the possible health effects of e-cigarette use by relating the acute and long-term use of e-cigarettes and conventional cigarettes ("...
The goal of our study was to assess acute, short term respiratory (airflow, FeNO, O2 saturation, exhaled air temperature) and cardiovascular (heart rate, blood pressure) responses to smoki...
The overall aim of the current research is to understand purchasing and product choice behaviors of tobacco/nicotine users if banning the sale of fully nicotinized cigarettes were to go in...
This study aims to understand the effects of device power and nicotine concentration on the likelihood that someone would use or abuse e-cigarettes.
The SMOKING of CIGARETTES.
Electronic devices that are designed to provide NICOTINE in the form of an inhaled aerosol. They typically are made in the shape of CIGARETTES in order to simulate the experience of CIGARETTE SMOKING.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
A cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase that can be induced by polycyclic aromatic xenobiotics in the liver of human and several animal species. This enzyme is of significant clinical interest due to the large number of drug interactions associated with its induction and its metabolism of THEOPHYLLINE. Caffeine is considered to be a model substrate for this enzyme. CYP1A2 activity can also be increased by environmental factors such as cigarette smoking, charbroiled meat, cruciferous vegetables, and a number of drugs including phenytoin, phenobarbital, and omeprazole.
Cytoplasmic proteins that bind certain aryl hydrocarbons, translocate to the nucleus, and activate transcription of particular DNA segments. AH receptors are identified by their high-affinity binding to several carcinogenic or teratogenic environmental chemicals including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons found in cigarette smoke and smog, heterocyclic amines found in cooked foods, and halogenated hydrocarbons including dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls. No endogenous ligand has been identified, but an unknown natural messenger with a role in cell differentiation and development is suspected.