Tracking outbreak populations of the pepper weevil Anthonomus eugenii (Coleoptera; Curculionidae) using complete mitochondrial genomes.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Tracking outbreak populations of the pepper weevil Anthonomus eugenii (Coleoptera; Curculionidae) using complete mitochondrial genomes."

The pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii, is a major pest on Capsicum species. Apart from natural spread, there is a risk of spread via international pepper trade. In the Netherlands, a pepper weevil outbreak occurred in 2012 and affected six greenhouses producing different sweet pepper varieties. The following year, a pepper weevil outbreak occurred in Italy. To trace the origin of the Dutch outbreak and to establish if the Dutch and Italian outbreaks were linked, we determined the mitogenomes of A. eugenii specimens collected at outbreak locations, and compared these with specimens from the native area, and other areas where the pest was introduced either by natural dispersal or via trade. The circular 17,257 bp A. eugenii mitogenome comprises thirteen mitochondrial genes typically found in insect species. Intra-species variation of these mitochondrial genes revealed four main mitochondrial lineages encompassing 41 haplotypes. The highest diversity was observed for specimens from its presumed native area (i.e. Mexico). The Dutch outbreak specimens represented three highly similar haplotypes, suggesting a single introduction of the pest. The major Dutch haplotype was also found in two specimens from New Jersey. As the Netherlands does not have pepper trade with New Jersey, it is likely that the specimens sampled in New Jersey and those sampled in the Netherlands originate from a shared source that was not included in this study. In addition, our analysis shows that the Italian and Dutch outbreaks were not linked. The mitochondrial genome is a useful tool to trace outbreak populations and the methodology presented in this paper could prove valuable for other invasive pest species, such as the African fruit moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta and emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0221182


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [5010 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Susceptibility of Cotton Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to Spinosyns.

The control of boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis grandis Boh., relies primarily on synthetic insecticides. Although insecticides are registered to spray cotton fields against boll weevils, only a few of...

Sublethal Effects of Insect Growth Regulators on Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).

Immature stages of the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis grandis Boh. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), develop protected inside cotton fruiting structures. Therefore, the adult beetles have become the main ...

Benzaldehyde: an alfalfa related compound for the spring attraction of the pest weevil Sitona humeralis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).

Sitona weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) are a species complex of pests of many leguminous crops worldwide, causing damage to young plants as adults and to rootlets as larvae, resulting in significa...

Conventional Sampling Plan for Common Blossom Thrips, Frankliniella schultzei (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), in Bell Pepper.

Bell pepper [Capsicum annuum L. (Solanales: Solanaceae)] is cultivated worldwide, and the consumption of its fruits has increased because this plant is a functional food rich in antioxidants. Franklin...

Anthonomus grandis aggregation pheromone induces cotton indirect defence and attracts the parasitic wasp Bracon vulgaris.

Insect-derived volatiles seem to provide reliable chemical cues, thereby plants could employ to defend themselves. Here we investigated the effect of pheromone emission from a closely-associated (Anth...

Clinical Trials [1664 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Bioavailability of Pepper Carotenoids in Humans

- list item one, Peppers We propose to evaluate bio absorption of pepper carotenoids in a red bell-pepper or non-pungent green jalapeno pepper. The pepper will be provided in a cooked d...

Effects of Pepper Gas Exposure in Non-combatant Bystanders.

Pepper sprays and pepper gas grenades are used by riot police at various places in the world for crowd control. Data about the acute effects based on human studies is extremely scarce. Kas...

Effects of Black Pepper on the Absorption of Nutrients in Vegetables

The objective of this project is to determine the extent to which eating black pepper together with vegetables increase the absorption of carotenoids (a class of important nutrients) in th...

Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm - Effect Study

The beneficial analgesic effects of Rubefacenciae (redden skin substances), is known since 1830 as a treatment for pain, cramps, and disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Herbal catapla...

CARESSES Testing and Evaluation Phases

The aim of this study is to conduct and evaluate a controlled experimental trial aimed at exploring whether, to what extent and how a socially-assistive Pepper robot that operates on a uni...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A common spice from fruit of PIPER NIGRUM. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. White Pepper is the ripe fruit dehulled by maceration in water. Piperine is a key component used medicinally to increase gastrointestinal assimilation of other supplements and drugs.

ANTHRAX outbreak that occurred in 1979 and was associated with a research facility in Sverdlovsk, in the Ural mountain region of central RUSSIA. Most victims worked or lived in a narrow zone extending from the facility. The zone of anthrax-caused livestock mortality paralleled the northerly wind that prevailed shortly before the outbreak. It was concluded that an escape of ANTHRAX caused outbreak.

A plant species in the PIPERACEAE plant family. It is a common spice on foods and is used medicinally to increase gastrointestinal assimilation of other supplements and drugs. Piperine is a key component. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. White Pepper is the ripe fruit dehulled by maceration in water.

INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.

A subfamily of POXVIRIDAE comprising poxviruses infecting insects including members of COLEOPTERA; DIPTERA; LEPIDOPTERA; and ORTHOPTERA.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...

Searches Linking to this Article