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Ventricle stress/strain comparisons between Tetralogy of Fallot patients and healthy using models with different zero-load diastole and systole morphologies.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Ventricle stress/strain comparisons between Tetralogy of Fallot patients and healthy using models with different zero-load diastole and systole morphologies."

Patient-specific in vivo ventricle mechanical wall stress and strain conditions are important for cardiovascular investigations and should be calculated from correct zero-load ventricle morphologies. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) data were obtained from 6 healthy volunteers and 12 Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients with consent obtained. 3D patient-specific CMR-based ventricle models with different zero-load diastole and systole geometries due to myocardium contraction and relaxation were constructed to qualify right ventricle (RV) diastole and systole stress and strain values at begin-filling, end-filling, begin-ejection, and end-ejection, respectively. Our new models (called 2G models) can provide end-diastole and end-systole stress/strain values which models with one zero-load geometries (called 1G models) could not provide. 2G mean end-ejection stress value from the 18 participants was 321.4% higher than that from 1G models (p = 0.0002). 2G mean strain values was 230% higher than that of 1G models (p = 0.0002). TOF group (TG) end-ejection mean stress value was 105.4% higher than that of healthy group (HG) (17.54±7.42kPa vs. 8.54±0.92kPa, p = 0.0245). Worse outcome group (WG, n = 6) post pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) begin-ejection mean stress was 57.4% higher than that of better outcome group (BG, 86.94±26.29 vs. 52.93±22.86 kPa; p = 0.041). Among 7 selected parameters, End-filling stress was the best predictor to differentiate BG patients from WG patients with prediction accuracy = 0.8208 and area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) value at 0.8135 (EE stress). Large scale studies are needed to further validate our findings.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0220328

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