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To improve schistosomiasis control programs in Uganda, where intestinal schistosomiasis is a widespread public health problem, a country-wide assessment of the disease prevalence among all age ranges is needed. Few studies have aimed to quantify the relationships between disease prevalence and water and sanitation characteristics across Uganda to understand the potential to interrupt disease transmission with an integrated package of interventions.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PLoS neglected tropical diseases
Research on contraceptive behaviour changes over time in Uganda is scarce, yet it has among the highest fertility and maternal mortality rates of any country in the East African region. Understanding ...
To explore the prevalence of e-cigarette use in New Zealand in a nationally representative sample aged 15 years and over.
Despite the higher risk of HIV among female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW), these populations are under-represented in the literature on HIV in Haiti. ...
Periodic population surveys of smoking behaviour can inform development of effective tobacco control strategies. We investigated smoking patterns, cessation and knowledge about smoking hazards in Chin...
The epidemiology for diabetic retinopathy (DR) has been well described in the western population. Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have attempted to identify the prevalence of diabetic eye disease, how...
The overall objective of the project is to contribute to an increased knowledge about the effect of praziquantel on schistosomiasis related morbidity and re-infection level among communiti...
Schistosomiasis is a flatworm transmitted from freshwater snails to humans in the tropics. In addition to this infectious disease, tropical developing countries are faced with malnutrition...
The primary objective of this project is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of praziquantel 60 mg/kg in the treatment of schistosomiasis, as compared to the standard 40 mg/kg therapy in a...
Schistosomiasis is a poverty-related water-transmitted parasitic disease affecting more that 200 million people world wide. Infection with Schistosoma haematobium may cause Female Genital ...
Urinary schistosomiasis is a debilitating disease in Central Africa and pregnant women are frequently suffering from this condition. Mefloquine is currently investigated as preventive trea...
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort, geographic area, population subgroup, etc. to estimate trends in larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of adolescents in grades 7-12 in the United States during the 1994-95 school year. The Add Health cohort has been followed into young adulthood. (from http://www.cpc.unc.edu/projects/addhealth accessed 08/2012)
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