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Early Stabilization of Femur Fractures in the Setting of Polytrauma Is Associated With Decreased Risk of Pulmonary Complications and Mortality.

07:00 EST 1st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Early Stabilization of Femur Fractures in the Setting of Polytrauma Is Associated With Decreased Risk of Pulmonary Complications and Mortality."

Timing of definitive fixation of femoral shaft fractures is a subject of continued controversy. The purpose of this study was to determine if early definitive fixation of femoral shaft fractures in the setting of polytrauma decreased the risk of pulmonary complications and mortality. The 2009-2012 National Sample Program of the National Trauma Data Bank was queried for all patients 18 to 65 years with Injury Severity Scores (ISS) >15 who underwent definitive fixation of femoral shaft fractures. Mortality, perioperative complications, and length of intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stay were the primary outcome measures of interest. Following multivariate analyses, increased time to surgery was found to portend a statistically significant increased risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS), mean ventilator time, length of ICU and hospital stay, and mortality. Earlier definitive fixation of femoral shaft fractures in the setting of polytrauma is associated with significantly decreased risk of ARDS, mean ventilator time, length of ICU and hospital stay, and mortality. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 28(2):137-143, 2019).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of surgical orthopaedic advances
ISSN: 1548-825X
Pages: 137-143

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).

Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.

Fractures of the femur.

A developmental deformity in which the metaphysis of the FEMUR moves proximally and anteriorly away from FEMUR HEAD (epiphysis) at the upper GROWTH PLATE. It is most common in male adolescents and is associated with a greater risk of early OSTEOARTHRITIS of the hip.

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