Preoperative Risk Factor Score Predicts Malnutrition in Total Joint Arthroplasty Patients.

07:00 EST 1st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Preoperative Risk Factor Score Predicts Malnutrition in Total Joint Arthroplasty Patients."

Malnutrition is a modifiable risk factor for poor outcomes in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study is to highlight risk factors for hypoalbuminemia and develop a predictive model that identifies patients at risk for this condition before THA or TKA. The study retrospectively reviewed the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to analyze preoperative independent risk factors for a diagnosis of hypoalbuminemia in adult patients who underwent THA or TKA. These factors were used to create a preoperative risk model to predict hypoalbuminemia. Individuals with three or more risk factors in the seven-point model are predicted to have hypoalbuminemia in 20.4% of THA or 10.5% of TKA cases. Accurate identification of hypoalbuminemic patients may allow preoperative nutrition interventions to improve postoperative outcomes. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 28(2):97-103, 2019).


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of surgical orthopaedic advances
ISSN: 1548-825X
Pages: 97-103


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [28611 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Serum Levels of Prealbumin and Albumin for Preoperative Risk Stratification.

Preoperative risk stratification has long been developed as a strategy to predict postoperative outcomes and potentially alter or optimize comorbidities and modifiable risk. Malnutrition is among the ...

Preoperative C-Reactive Protein/Albumin Ratio, a Risk Factor for Postoperative Delirium in Elderly Patients After Total Joint Arthroplasty.

Postoperative delirium (POD), as an acute brain failure, is widely reported as a very common postoperative complication, and it is closely associated with increased morbidity and mortality. This study...

A Novel Risk Calculator Predicts 90-Day Readmission Following Total Joint Arthroplasty.

A reliable prediction tool for 90-day adverse events not only would provide patients with valuable estimates of their individual risk perioperatively, but would also give health-care systems a method ...

Age Alone is Not a Risk Factor for Periprosthetic Joint Infection.

It is not known whether age alone or the increased comorbidities in the older patients are responsible for the higher rate of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in the older patients. The hypothesis...

Preoperative Functional Status Predicts Increased Morbidity Following Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Dependent functional status (DEP) has been associated with higher postoperative adverse events and mortality compared to patients with independent functional status (IND). However, the association bet...

Clinical Trials [14717 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Using Preoperative Anxiety Score to Determine the Total Dose of Butorphanol for Sedation

Orthopedic surgeries are considered to be discomfortable and the sense of fear and anxiety of patients who already have preoperative anxiety may be aggravated by intraoperative stimulation...

Preoperative Nutritional Status in Patients Undergoing Elective Total Knee Arthroplasty and In-hospital Postoperative Complications

Malnutrition has long been linked to postoperative complications and adverse outcomes in a variety of surgical fields , such as increased susceptibility to infection, delayed wound healing...

Preoperative Cognitive Screening of Surgical Patients 65 Years of Age or Older

The overall objectives of this study are to improve outcomes of surgical patients 65 years of age or older through risk stratification based on preoperative screening of cognition / mental...

Translation, Cross Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Italian Version of the Forgotten Joint Score in Total Knee Arthroplasty

This is an observational, prospective study that has the primary goal of validating the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS)

Evaluation of an Arterial Calcification Score as a Predictive Factor of Anastomotic Leakage in Right Colectomy

Anastomotic leakage is the major postoperative complication in right colectomy. Evaluation of calcification on coeliac trunk and mesenteric arteries on the preoperative CT scan could allow...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.

The total relative probability, expressed on a logarithmic scale, that a linkage relationship exists among selected loci. Lod is an acronym for "logarithmic odds."

Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.

An instrument used to assess the results of rehabilitation from knee injuries, especially those requiring ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION. It measures recovery of knee joint function based on ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING.

An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.

Quick Search
DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...

Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure to restore the integrity and function of a joint. A joint can be restored by resurfacing the bones. An artificial joint (called a prosthesis) may also be used. Various types of arthritis may affect the joints. Osteo...

Joint Disorders
A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint causes pain, stiffness, and swelling with ...

Searches Linking to this Article