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Multiple cellular pathways regulate lipid droplet homeostasis for the establishment of polarity in collagen sandwich-cultured hepatocytes.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Multiple cellular pathways regulate lipid droplet homeostasis for the establishment of polarity in collagen sandwich-cultured hepatocytes."

Hepatocyte polarization is energy dependent. The establishment of polarization in collagen sandwich culture of hepatocytes requires utilization of lipid droplets and mitochondrial β-oxidation to supply ATPs. Multiple cellular pathways are involved in lipid droplet homeostasis; however, mechanistic insights of how hepatocytes utilize lipid droplets during polarization remain elusive. The current study investigated the effects of various pathways involved in lipid droplet homeostasis on bioenergetics during hepatocyte polarization. The results showed that hepatocytes were dependent on lipolysis of lipid droplets to release fatty acids for β-oxidation. Inhibition of lipolysis significantly decreased cellular fatty acid and ATP levels, and inhibited hepatocyte polarization, revealing that lipolysis was an important mechanism for providing energy for hepatocyte polarization. The results also demonstrated that autophagic degradation of lipid droplets (lipophagy) was not essential for breaking down lipid droplets. Conversely, autophagy contributed to lipid droplet formation and played a key role in sustaining lipid droplet stores for energy production. In addition, cholesterol biosynthesis/cholesterol esterification and fatty acid synthesis also contributed to maintaining lipid droplet stores for bioenergetics during hepatocyte polarization. In summary, multiple cellular pathways are co-ordinated to maintain lipid droplet homeostasis and sustain fatty acid β-oxidation during hepatocyte polarization.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: American journal of physiology. Cell physiology
ISSN: 1522-1563
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