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Little is known about weight status and its effects on clinical course during hospitalization for asthma exacerbation. We sought to evaluate associations between weight status, specifically body mass index (BMI), with inpatient clinical course and clinical history. We retrospectively analyzed data from 2012 to 2013 on children hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in a state-wide longitudinal cohort, the Ohio Pediatric Asthma Repository. We examined BMI continuously ( scores) and categorically, comparing overweight and obese (Ov/Ob) to non-overweight and non-obese (nOv/nOb) children. We used linear mixed models controlling for site effects to determine if BMI was related to length of stay, as determined by physiologic readiness for discharge (PRD), defined as time to albuterol spaced every 4 h, need for nonstandard care or clinical history. Across six hospitals, 874 children were included in analyses. BMI was positively associated with PRD (=.008) but this increase was unlikely to be clinically significant. Ov/Ob children were more likely than nOv/nOb to require nonstandard care with repeat magnesium dosing in intensive care after dosing in the emergency department (OR = 3.23, 95%CI 1.39-7.78). Hospitalization in the year prior to enrollment was positively associated with BMI percentile (73.3 vs. 66.0, =.028). Sleep disordered breathing was also associated with higher BMI percentile (78.2 vs. 65.9; =.0013). Ov/Ob children had similar PRD to nOv/nOb children and were prone to repeat magnesium dosing. Previous hospitalization for exacerbation was positively associated with increasing BMI percentile. Additional research should investigate differential magnesium use by weight status, quantifying risks and benefits.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
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State bounded on the north by Michigan and Lake Erie, on the east by Ohio River and Pennsylvania, on the south by Ohio River, and on the west by Indiana.
Magnesium chloride. An inorganic compound consisting of one magnesium and two chloride ions. The compound is used in medicine as a source of magnesium ions, which are essential for many cellular activities. It has also been used as a cathartic and in alloys.
Magnesium oxide (MgO). An inorganic compound that occurs in nature as the mineral periclase. In aqueous media combines quickly with water to form magnesium hydroxide. It is used as an antacid and mild laxative and has many nonmedicinal uses.
Registered nurses with graduate degrees in nursing who provide care to pediatric patients who are acutely or critically ill.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of magnesium in the diet, characterized by anorexia, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, and weakness. Symptoms are paresthesias, muscle cramps, irritability, decreased attention span, and mental confusion, possibly requiring months to appear. Deficiency of body magnesium can exist even when serum values are normal. In addition, magnesium deficiency may be organ-selective, since certain tissues become deficient before others. (Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1936)
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
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