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Characterising acquired resistance to erlotinib in non-small cell lung cancer patients.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Characterising acquired resistance to erlotinib in non-small cell lung cancer patients."

: The therapy of patients with lung adenocarcinoma has significantly changed after the discovery of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. EGFR mutations occur in 10-15% of Caucasian lung cancer patients and are associated with favorable outcome to orally administered EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), like erlotinib. However, as soon as the tumor cells are under the pressure of the specific inhibitor, compensatory signaling pathways are activated and resistance emerges. : In this review we will focus on the mechanisms of resistance to the first-generation EGFR TKI, erlotinib, and will mainly summarize the findings throughout the last 10 years in the field of EGFR-mutant lung cancer. : Widespread research has been performed and several mechanisms of resistance to EGFR TKIs, especially first- and second-generation, have been identified. Still, no adequate combinatory therapies have received regulatory approval for the treatment of EGFR-mutant patients at the time of resistance. The third-generation EGFR TKI, osimertinibhas been approved for patients whose tumor has become resistant through the secondary T790M resistant EGFR mutation. The identification of the mechanisms of resistance and the application of the adequate therapy to each patient is still an unmet need.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Expert review of respiratory medicine
ISSN: 1747-6356
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A quinazoline derivative and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that functions as a PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITOR for EGFR associated tyrosine kinase. It is used in the treatment of NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER.

Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.

A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).

A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.

A cell adhesion molecule that contains extracellular immunoglobulin V and C2 domains. It mediates homophilic and heterophilic cell-cell adhesion independently of calcium, and acts as a tumor suppressor in NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CANCER (NSCLC) cells. Its interaction with NATURAL KILLER CELLS is important for their cytotoxicity and its expression by MAST CELLS plays a role in their interaction with neurons; it may also function in synapse assembly, nerve growth and differentiation.

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