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degrades integrin β1 and induces AIF-mediated apoptosis of epithelial cells.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "degrades integrin β1 and induces AIF-mediated apoptosis of epithelial cells."

, a major pathogen of chronic periodontitis, adheres to and invades epithelial cells via an interaction between fimbriae and integrin. proliferation and infection may affect the survival of cells. In this study, we further examined alternative signaling pathways mediating epithelial-cell death induced by and the role of the cell-adhesion molecule integrin. Human epithelial KB cells interacted with to evaluate cell death by Annexin V-propidium iodide (PI) staining. JC-1 staining was used to measure mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). The mRNA and protein of integrin β1, apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and caspase-3 were detected by real-time PCR and western blot. Caspase-3 activity was analyzed by spectrophotometry. infection downregulated integrin β1 and led to cell detachment in a dose and time-dependent manner. Large amount of induced MMP depolarization and apoptosis in KB cells. Moreover, up-regulated AIF, but not activate caspase-3 during apoptosis. In addition, AIF inhibitor N-Phenylmaleimide almost inhibited the -induced apoptosis. disrupts epithelial-cell adhesion by degrading integrin β1 and induces caspase-independent, AIF-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis, which may promote the damage of oral tissue.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Infectious diseases (London, England)
ISSN: 2374-4243
Pages: 1-9

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An integrin alpha subunit that occurs as alternatively spliced isoforms. The isoforms are differentially expressed in specific cell types and at specific developmental stages. Integrin alpha3 combines with INTEGRIN BETA1 to form INTEGRIN ALPHA3BETA1 which is a heterodimer found primarily in epithelial cells.

Cell surface receptor for LAMININ, epiligrin, FIBRONECTINS, entactin, and COLLAGEN. Integrin alpha3beta1 is the major integrin present in EPITHELIAL CELLS, where it plays a role in the assembly of BASEMENT MEMBRANE as well as in cell migration, and may regulate the functions of other integrins. Two alternatively spliced isoforms of the alpha subunit (INTEGRIN ALPHA3), are differentially expressed in different cell types.

An integrin found on fibroblasts, platelets, endothelial and epithelial cells, and lymphocytes where it functions as a receptor for COLLAGEN and LAMININ. Although originally referred to as the collagen receptor, it is one of several receptors for collagen. Ligand binding to integrin alpha2beta1 triggers a cascade of intracellular signaling, including activation of p38 MAP kinase.

This intrgrin is a key component of HEMIDESMOSOMES and is required for their formation and maintenance in epithelial cells. Integrin alpha6beta4 is also found on thymocytes, fibroblasts, and Schwann cells, where it functions as a laminin receptor (RECEPTORS, LAMININ) and is involved in wound healing, cell migration, and tumor invasiveness.

Integrin alpha1beta1 functions as a receptor for LAMININ and COLLAGEN. It is widely expressed during development, but in the adult is the predominant laminin receptor (RECEPTORS, LAMININ) in mature SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, where it is important for maintenance of the differentiated phenotype of these cells. Integrin alpha1beta1 is also found in LYMPHOCYTES and microvascular endothelial cells, and may play a role in angiogenesis. In SCHWANN CELLS and neural crest cells, it is involved in cell migration. Integrin alpha1beta1 is also known as VLA-1 and CD49a-CD29.

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