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The chemistry of carbon in aqueous fluids at extreme pressure and temperature conditions is of great importance to Earth's deep carbon cycle, which substantially affects the carbon budget at Earth's surface and global climate change. At ambient conditions, the concentration of carbonic acid in water is negligible, so aqueous carbonic acid was simply ignored in previous geochemical models. However, by applying extensive ab initio molecular dynamics simulations at pressure and temperature conditions similar to those in Earth's upper mantle, we found that carbonic acid can be the most abundant carbon species in aqueous CO2 solutions at ~10 GPa and 1000 K. The mole percent of carbonic acid in total dissolved carbon species increases with increasing pressure along an isotherm, while its mole percent decreases with increasing temperature along an isobar. In CO2-rich solutions, we found significant proton transfer between carbonic acid molecules and bicarbonate ions, which may enhance the conductivity of the solutions. The effects of pH buffering by carbonic acid may play an important role in water-rock interactions in Earth's interior. Our findings suggest that carbonic acid is an important carbon carrier in the deep carbon cycle.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The journal of physical chemistry letters
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Carbonic acid (H2C03). The hypothetical acid of carbon dioxide and water. It exists only in the form of its salts (carbonates), acid salts (hydrogen carbonates), amines (carbamic acid), and acid chlorides (carbonyl chloride). (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A cytosolic carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme found widely distributed in cells of almost all tissues. Deficiencies of carbonic anhydrase II produce a syndrome characterized by OSTEOPETROSIS, renal tubular acidosis (ACIDOSIS, RENAL TUBULAR) and cerebral calcification. EC 4.2.1.-
A class of compounds that reduces the secretion of H+ ions by the proximal kidney tubule through inhibition of CARBONIC ANHYDRASES.
The process of exocrine secretion of the SWEAT GLANDS, including the aqueous sweat from the ECCRINE GLANDS and the complex viscous fluids of the APOCRINE GLANDS.
A membrane-bound carbonic anhydrase found in lung capillaries and kidney.