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Fabrication and precise control of the physicochemical properties of multifunctional organic-inorganic hybrid nanocomposites find great importance in various research fields. Herein, we report the fabrication of a new class of luminescent hybrid coacervate droplets from CdTe quantum dots (QDs) and poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) aqueous mixture. The colloidal stability of these droplets has been explored in a wide range of composition, pH, and ionic strength. While these hybrid droplets are quite stable in low ionic strength medium (<100 mM NaCl) and neutral/basic pH (pH>6.5), they are unstable at higher ionic strength medium (>100 mM NaCl) and acidic pH (pH<5.5). Our findings indicate specific electrostatic interactions between negatively charged QDs and positively charged PDADMAC behind the observed coacervation. They exhibit preferential sequestration of organic dyes and serum albumins. The intrinsic luminescent properties of these hybrid droplets have been explored using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and epifluorescence microscopy. CLSM reveals the formation of intrinsically luminescent hybrid droplets. In addition, mixed two-color luminescent droplets have been fabricated by simultaneously mixing green and red-emitting QDs with PDADMAC aqueous solution. Epifluorescence imaging reveals highly photostable and nonbleaching photoluminescence (PL) from individual droplets as a consequence of efficient surface passivation by polymeric chains of PDADMAC. Moreover, using two-photon (2P) confocal imaging we have shown that these hybrid droplets are ideal candidates for 2P confocal imaging applications. The present study can be easily extended to fabricate a wide range of hybrid droplets with various inorganic counterparts having unique optoelectronic properties, which will further expand their applicability in nanocatalysis, bioimaging and biosensing.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids
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Nanometer sized fragments (the dots) of semiconductor crystalline material which emit PHOTONS. The wavelength is based on the quantum confinement size of the dot. They are brighter and more persistent than organic chemical INDICATORS. They can be embedded in MICROBEADS for high throughput ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY.
Screening techniques first developed in yeast to identify genes encoding interacting proteins. Variations are used to evaluate interplay between proteins and other molecules. Two-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for protein-protein interactions, one-hybrid for DNA-protein interactions, three-hybrid interactions for RNA-protein interactions or ligand-based interactions. Reverse n-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for mutations or other small molecules that dissociate known interactions.
Strongly cationic polymer that binds to certain proteins; used as a marker in immunology, to precipitate and purify enzymes and lipids. Synonyms: aziridine polymer; Epamine; Epomine; ethylenimine polymer; Montrek; PEI; Polymin(e).
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