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In psychiatry, alternatives to hospitalisation have been developed further to deinstitutionalisation. With the decrease in the number of psychiatric beds and the emergence of new representations regarding the possibility of recovery for people with mental disorder, hospitalisations have been limited to crisis periods. Sheltered housing has been created for vulnerable people. New models of care such « assertive » community treatment » allow to following people with severe mental disorders in the community, whilst avoiding precariousness and isolation. This article aims to present alternatives to psychiatric hospitalisation in a vision of care that answers patients' needs in a proportional and efficient way, that offers a good collaboration with other care providers and that is well-balanced between community care and hospitalisations.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Revue medicale suisse
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Alternatives to the use of animals in research, testing, and education. The alternatives may include reduction in the number of animals used, replacement of animals with a non-animal model or with animals of a species lower phylogenetically, or refinement of methods to minimize pain and distress of animals used.
A theoretical technique utilizing a group of related constructs to describe or prescribe how individuals or groups of people choose a course of action when faced with several alternatives and a variable amount of knowledge about the determinants of the outcomes of those alternatives.
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Persons who assist in the routine care of psychiatric persons, usually under the supervision of the nursing department.
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