Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
High incidence and mortality rates for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) lead to low survival rates. Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) are commonly first prescribed for NSCLC patients with EGFR mutations. However, most patients with sensitizing EGFR mutations become resistant to EGFR-TKI after 9-13 months treatment. Yiqi Chutan Tang (YQCT) has been prescribed as a treatment to this issue for over 20 years. In this report, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis, flow cytometry, western blot analysis, and functional annotation analysis were applied to uncover the molecular mechanisms of YQCT. Our results show the application of YQCT reduces gefitinib-induced drug resistance, induces slight cell cycle arrest, enhances gefitinib-induced apoptosis, and activates the autophagy. These results indicate that at the molecular level YQCT can reduce drug resistance and improve anti-cancer effects when associated with gefitinib, which could be a result of enhancement of apoptosis and autophagy in the EGFR-TKI resistant cells of NSCLC. This research provides a new treatment strategy for patients with EGFR-TKI resistance in NSCLC. © 2019 The Authors. Cytometry Part A published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cytometry. Part A : the journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
Gefitinib, an epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI), has been widely used as a first-line agent in EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Nevertheless, the dev...
Gefitinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor, has been used as the first choice of treatment for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. However, during the course of treatm...
Gefitinib is one of commonly used first-line treatment options for patients with positive EGFR mutation in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, most patients with gefitinib treatment relapse o...
Drug resistance is a major impediment to the success of cancer treatment. Resistance is typically thought to arise from random genetic mutations, after which mutated cells expand via Darwinian selecti...
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common form of lung cancer. Gefitinib is one of the most accepted therapies against NSCLC in those carrying EGFR mutations, but it is only effective in a...
The investigators performed a multi-centered, randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled, prospective clinical trial on the effect of Yiqi-yangyin-jiedu decoction (YYJD), a chinese her...
The purpose of this research study is to: - see if gefitinib pills can shrink Stage 1 or 2 non-small cell lung cancers before surgery - see if your non-small cell lung c...
To determine efficacy and safety of Sipjeondaebo-tang for Cancer patients suffering from anorexia after chemotherapy. Sipjeondaebo-tang will be administered for 4 weeks, 3 times per day af...
The purpose of this study was to investigate a possible response to nalbuphine (Nubian) and morphine with traditional Chinese herbs in healthy volunteers.
This clinical research is based on the fundamentals of using Chinese medicine, which will improve Qi and promote blood circulation, to treat patients in the recuperating stages of cerebral...
A synthetic methylprostaglandin E1 analog that reduces gastric acid secretion and enhances the gastric mucus-bicarbonate barrier. It is effective in the therapy of gastric ulcers and gives significant protection against NSAID-induced gastric mucosal damage. The drug also prevents cyclosporin A-induced damage to endocrine and exocrine pancreatic secretions. It shows a low order of acute toxicity and there is no evidence of embryotoxicity, fetotoxicity, teratogenicity, or mutagenicity in animal studies.
Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
Simultaneous resistance to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs.
Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for drugs and biological products. These include those in ampule, capsule, tablet, solution or other forms. Packaging includes immediate-containers, secondary-containers, and cartons. In the United States, such packaging is controlled under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act which also stipulates requirements for tamper-resistance and child-resistance. Similar laws govern use elsewhere. (From Code of Federal Regulations, 21 CFR 1 Section 210, 1993) DRUG LABELING is also available.
A sequence-related subfamily of ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS that actively transport organic substrates. Although considered organic anion transporters, a subset of proteins in this family have also been shown to convey drug resistance to neutral organic drugs. Their cellular function may have clinical significance for CHEMOTHERAPY in that they transport a variety of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS. Overexpression of proteins in this class by NEOPLASMS is considered a possible mechanism in the development of multidrug resistance (DRUG RESISTANCE, MULTIPLE). Although similar in function to P-GLYCOPROTEINS, the proteins in this class share little sequence homology to the p-glycoprotein family of proteins.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...