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Effects of microRNA-1271 on ovarian cancer via inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and cisplatin resistance.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effects of microRNA-1271 on ovarian cancer via inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and cisplatin resistance."

Efficacy of platinum based-chemotherapy is limited by cisplatin (DDP) resistance, however, the underlying mechanism of cisplatin resistance remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the role of miR-1271 in cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
ISSN: 1447-0756
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Autosomal dominant HEREDITARY CANCER SYNDROME in which a mutation most often in either BRCA1 or BRCA2 is associated with a significantly increased risk for breast and ovarian cancers.

Phenotypic changes of EPITHELIAL CELLS to MESENCHYME type, which increase cell mobility critical in many developmental processes such as NEURAL TUBE development. NEOPLASM METASTASIS and DISEASE PROGRESSION may also induce this transition.

A rare aggressive variant of chondrosarcoma, characterized by a biphasic histologic pattern of small compact cells intermixed with islands of cartilaginous matrix. Mesenchymal chondrosarcomas have a predilection for flat bones; long tubular bones are rarely affected. They tend to occur in the younger age group and are highly metastatic. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1456)

Rare autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by mesenchymal and epithelial neoplasms at multiple sites. MUTATION of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, a component of the DNA DAMAGE response pathway, apparently predisposes family members who inherit it to develop certain cancers. The spectrum of cancers in the syndrome was shown to include, in addition to BREAST CANCER and soft tissue sarcomas (SARCOMA); BRAIN TUMORS; OSTEOSARCOMA; LEUKEMIA; and ADRENOCORTICAL CARCINOMA.

A 6-kDa polypeptide growth factor initially discovered in mouse submaxillary glands. Human epidermal growth factor was originally isolated from urine based on its ability to inhibit gastric secretion and called urogastrone. EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR exerts a wide variety of biological effects including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal and epithelial cells.

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