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Name: Respirology (Carlton, Vic.)
Accumulating evidence suggests that cardiovascular disease (CVD) is highly prevalent among patients with concurrent obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (...
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is common. Medicare Benefits Schedule rules regarding which patients are eligible for a sleep study without first needing to see a sleep or respiratory specialist have r...
Sleep-disordered breathing, including obstructive sleep apnoea and central sleep apnoea, is a common disorder among patients with chronic heart failure. Obstructive sleep apnoea is often treated with ...
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the first-line therapy for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Residual apnoea and/or hypopnoea events, that is an apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) > 5, during ...
Obstructive sleep apnea is an underdiagnosed sleep-related breathing disorder affecting millions of people. Recurrent episodes of apnea/hypopnea result in intermittent hypoxia leading to oxidative str...
To answer the question whether a previously detected breath profile in patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) can be found in a cohort of patients with suspected OSA using ...
This feasibility study is a randomised control trial looking at how sleep apnoea affects the heart especially heart rhythms. Previous research shows that patients suffering from sleep apn...
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of morphine (a drug commonly used for the treatment of moderate to severe pain, particularly following surgery) on the number of pauses ...
This study aims to investigate a potential link between Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) and Open Angle Glaucoma (OAG); initially by determining whether the prevalence of OSA is higher in pa...
Our multi-disciplinary research group works closely with people who have obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). This is a life-long illness that causes breathing to stop during sleep, which leads...
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
Posterior displacement of the TONGUE toward the PHARYNX. It is often a feature in syndromes such as in PIERRE ROBIN SYNDROME and DOWN SYNDROME and associated with AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION during sleep (OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEAS).
Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...
Geriatrics is the branch of medicine that is concerned with the diagnosis and management of diseases and disorders that occur in old age. A specialty is required because of the frequency of co-morbidities in these patients and the reduced strength of the...