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In the randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind phase 3 ACTIVE study (NCT01343004), 18 months of abaloparatide 80 μg daily (subcutaneous injection) in postmenopausal women at risk of osteoporotic fracture significantly reduced the risk of vertebral, nonvertebral, clinical, and major osteoporotic fractures and significantly increased bone mineral density (BMD) versus placebo regardless of baseline risk factors. Women from the abaloparatide and placebo groups who completed ACTIVE were eligible for ACTIVExtend (NCT01657162), in which all enrollees received sequential, open-label monotherapy with alendronate 70 mg once weekly for up to 24 months. This prespecified analysis evaluated whether fracture risk reductions and BMD gains associated with abaloparatide during ACTIVE persisted through the full 43-month ACTIVE-ACTIVExtend study period in nine prespecified baseline risk subgroups. Baseline risk subgroups included BMD T-score at the lumbar spine, total hip, and femoral neck (≤ -2.5 versus > -2.5 and ≤ -3.0 versus > -3.0), history of nonvertebral fracture (yes/no), prevalent vertebral fracture (yes/no), and age (< 65 versus 65 to < 75 versus ≥ 75 years). Forest plots display treatment effect. Treatment-by-subgroup interactions were tested using the Breslow-Day test, Cox proportional hazards model, and ANCOVA model. After the combined ACTIVE-ACTIVExtend study period, reductions in relative risk for new vertebral, nonvertebral, clinical, and major osteoporotic fractures were greater among patients in the abaloparatide/alendronate group than among those in the placebo/alendronate group across all nine baseline risk subgroups. BMD gains at the lumbar spine, total hip, and femoral neck were greater in the abaloparatide/alendronate group versus the placebo/alendronate group. No clinically meaningful interaction between treatment assignment and any baseline risk variable was observed. The sequence of abaloparatide for 18 months followed by alendronate for up to 24 months appears to be an effective treatment option for a wide range of postmenopausal women at risk for osteoporotic fractures. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0200785.].
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The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
Abnormally elevated PARATHYROID HORMONE secretion as a response to HYPOCALCEMIA. It is caused by chronic KIDNEY FAILURE or other abnormalities in the controls of bone and mineral metabolism, leading to various BONE DISEASES, such as RENAL OSTEODYSTROPHY.
Decrease, loss, or removal of the mineral constituents of bones. Temporary loss of bone mineral content is especially associated with space flight, weightlessness, and extended immobilization. OSTEOPOROSIS is permanent, includes reduction of total bone mass, and is associated with increased rate of fractures. CALCIFICATION, PHYSIOLOGIC is the process of bone remineralizing. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed; Nicogossian, Space Physiology and Medicine, 2d ed, pp327-33)
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...
A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint causes pain, stiffness, and swelling with ...