Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Mucus is a natural barrier with a protective role that hinders drug diffusion, representing a steric and interactive barrier to overcome for an effective drug delivery to target sites. In diseases like cystic fibrosis (CF), pulmonary mucus exhibits altered features, which hamper clearance mechanisms and drug diffusion, ultimately leading to lung failure. Effectively modelling the passage through mucus still represents an unmet challenge. An airway CF mucus model is herein proposed to disassemble the complexity of the mucus barrier following a modular approach. A hydrogel, mainly composed of mucin in an alginate (Alg) network, is proposed to specifically model the chemical-physical properties of CF mucus. The steric retention of pathological mucus was reproduced by targeting its mesh size (approximately 50 nm) and viscoelastic properties. The interactive barrier was reproduced by a composition inspired from the CF mucus. Optimized mucus models, composed of 3 mg ml-1 Alg and 25 mg ml-1 mucin, exhibited a G' increasing from ∼21.2 to 55.2 Pa and a G'' ranging from ∼5.26 to 28.8 Pa in the frequency range of 0.1 to 20 Hz. Drug diffusion was tested using three model drugs. The proposed mucus model was able to discriminate between the mucin-drug interaction and the steric barrier of a mucus layer with respect to the parallel artificial membrane permeability (PAMPA) that models the phospholipidic cell membrane, the state-of-the-art screening tool for passive drug diffusion. The mucus model can be proposed as an in vitro tool for early drug discovery, representing a step forward to model the mucus layer. Additionally, the proposed methodology allows to easily include other molecules present within mucus, as relevant proteins, lipids and DNA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of materials chemistry. B
We surveyed obstetric sonographers, who are at the forefront of the screening process to determine how barriers to prenatal cardiac screening impacted screening abilities.
The G8 questionnaire is a geriatric screening tool recommended by the SIOG and the EAU. To save time and resources, it can precede a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in a two-step evaluation. ...
There is limited information about the comparative effectiveness of the START/STOPP (Screening Tool of Older Person's Prescriptions/Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment) criteria and the...
Infections with hepatitis C virus (HCV) are increasing among adolescents and adults born after 1965. Screening strategies may need to be adapted for this changing population. We surveyed trainees in d...
To develop and validate the Distress Screening Tool (DST) for child and adolescent cancer survivors.
This study evaluates the clinical ease of use of the Femoral Antegrade Starting Tool (FAST).
The purpose of Dr. Rogers' research plan involves developing and pilot testing a theory-driven, culture-specific intervention that specifically targets masculinity barriers care and colore...
To determine amongst siblings of colorectal cancer patients:1. The knowledge, perception and barriers towards screening colonoscopy. 2. The current screening colonoscopy adoption rate. 3. ...
Preterm Birth is the number one cause of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide and represents an important health disparity in the United States, particularly across the state of Kentuc...
Mammography remains an imperfect screening test especially in women with extremely dense breast tissue, missing biologically aggressive cancers especially in younger population and picking...
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
A neoplastic disease in which the alveoli and distal bronchi are filled with mucus and mucus-secreting columnar epithelial cells. It is characterized by abundant, extremely tenacious sputum, chills, fever, cough, dyspnea, and pleuritic pain. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.
Testing or screening required by federal, state, or local law or other agencies for the diagnosis of specified conditions. It is usually limited to specific populations such as categories of health care providers, members of the military, and prisoners or to specific situations such as premarital examinations or donor screening.
Skeletal muscle fibers characterized by their expression of the Type II MYOSIN HEAVY CHAIN isoforms which have high ATPase activity and effect several other functional properties - shortening velocity, power output, rate of tension redevelopment. Several fast types have been identified.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
<!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->Drug delivery is the method or process of administering a pharmaceutical compound to achieve a therapeutic effect in humans or animals. <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->Drug delivery technologies are <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->patent pr...