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Trafficking of synaptic vesicles is changed at the hypothalamus by exposure to an 835 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic field.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Trafficking of synaptic vesicles is changed at the hypothalamus by exposure to an 835 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic field."

With the rapidly increasing use of mobile phones and their close-contact usage to the brain, there are some concerns about the possible neuronal effects induced by exposure to excessive electromagnetic radiation. Exposure to a radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) of 835 MHz (4.0 W/kg specific absorption rate (SAR) 5 h/day for 12 weeks) may affect hypothalamic presynaptic neurons in C57BL/6 mice. The number and size of the synaptic vesicles (SVs) in the hypothalamic presynaptic terminals were significantly decreased after RF-EMF exposure. Further, the density (SVs numbers/μm) of docking and fusing SVs in the active zones of the presynaptic terminal membrane was significantly decreased in hypothalamic neurons. The expression levels of synapsin I/II and synaptotagmin 1, two regulators of SV trafficking in neurons, were also significantly decreased in the hypothalamus. In parallel, the expression of calcium channel was significantly decreased. These changes in SVs in the active zones may directly decrease the release of neurotransmitters in hypothalamic presynaptic terminals. Therefore, we further studied the possible changes in hypothalamic function by testing the core body temperature and body weight and performed the buried pellet test. The trafficking of SVs was changed by RF-EMF; however, we could not find any significant phenotypical changes in our experimental condition.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: General physiology and biophysics
ISSN: 0231-5882
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Membrane-bound compartments which contain transmitter molecules. Synaptic vesicles are concentrated at presynaptic terminals. They actively sequester transmitter molecules from the cytoplasm. In at least some synapses, transmitter release occurs by fusion of these vesicles with the presynaptic membrane, followed by exocytosis of their contents.

A serine/threonine protein kinase with GTPase activity that contains 12 LEUCINE-rich repeats in its central region and 7 WD repeats C-terminal to its kinase and GTPase domains. It localizes to TRANSPORT VESICLES; the OUTER MITOCHONDRIAL MEMBRANE; and the GOLGI APPARATUS. It functions in PROTEIN TRANSPORT; regulates neuron morphology in the central nervous system, and also functions in the trafficking of SYNAPTIC VESICLES. Mutations in the LRRK2 gene have been identified in autosomal dominant cases of PARKINSON DISEASE (PARK8).

A synaptic membrane protein involved in MEMBRANE FUSION of SYNAPTIC VESICLES with the presynaptic membranes. It is the prototype member of the R-SNARE PROTEINS.

The application, via IMPLANTED ELECTRODES, of short bursts of electrical energy in the radiofrequency range, interspersed with pauses in delivery of the current long enough to dissipate the generated heat and avoid heat-induced tissue necrosis.

Specialized junctions at which a neuron communicates with a target cell. At classical synapses, a neuron's presynaptic terminal releases a chemical transmitter stored in synaptic vesicles which diffuses across a narrow synaptic cleft and activates receptors on the postsynaptic membrane of the target cell. The target may be a dendrite, cell body, or axon of another neuron, or a specialized region of a muscle or secretory cell. Neurons may also communicate via direct electrical coupling with ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES. Several other non-synaptic chemical or electric signal transmitting processes occur via extracellular mediated interactions.

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