Topics

Combined Effectiveness of β-Cyclodextrin Nanoparticles in Photodynamic Antimicrobial Chemotherapy on In Vitro Oral Biofilms.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Combined Effectiveness of β-Cyclodextrin Nanoparticles in Photodynamic Antimicrobial Chemotherapy on In Vitro Oral Biofilms."

This study aimed to investigate if β-cyclodextrin nanoparticles potentiate the photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT) effects in single and microcosm oral biofilms using methylene blue (MB) and a red laser. Studies of PACT have demonstrated promising effects; however, the association of nanoparticles with photosensitizers could enhance the antimicrobial result. Biofilms were grown on enamel blocks either with or in a microcosm model (salivary microorganisms) supplemented with sucrose. PACT using 50 μM MB associated or not with 32 μM encapsulated β-cyclodextrin with MB for 5 min, followed by irradiation with red laser ( = 660 nm, 320 J/cm), was conducted and the counts of viable microorganisms in proper selective media were determined. Data were analyzed by one-factor ANOVA, followed by Tukey's test, or Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by Dunn's post hoc test, all with a significance level of 5%. In the single-species biofilm model, a significant reduction in counts was found for all groups when light was present. In the microcosm biofilm model, no significant difference was found among the groups for total streptococci, but a significant reduction of was observed for the PACT group of encapsulated β-cyclodextrin+MB. However, no statistically significant difference was observed among the PACT groups. PACT with β-cyclodextrin mediated with MB associated with a red laser reduced in microcosm biofilms. However, the presence of β-cyclodextrin nanoparticles did not potentiate the PACT effects in single or microcosm oral biofilms.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Photobiomodulation, photomedicine, and laser surgery
ISSN: 2578-5478
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [16218 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The effectiveness of curcumin-mediated antimicrobial photodynamic therapy depends on pre-irradiation and biofilm growth times.

The aim of this study was to determine the influence of distinct pre-irradiation times (PIT) of curcumin on the effectiveness of the antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) against intact dentin car...

Porphyrinoid photosensitizers mediated photodynamic inactivation against bacteria.

The multi-drug resistant bacteria have become a serious problem complicating therapies to such a degree that often the term "post-antibiotic era" is applied to describe the situation. The infections w...

In- vitro-activity of additive application of hydrogen peroxide in antimicrobial photodynamic therapy using LED in the blue spectrum against bacteria and biofilm being associated with periodontal disease.

Although antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has been shown to be efficient in killing planktonic periodontopathogenic bacteria, its activity on established biofilms is very limited. The aim of ...

Enzyme and pH dual-responsive hyaluronic acid nanoparticles mediated combination of photodynamic therapy and chemotherapy.

Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a natural biopolymer that can target to tumor cells due to CD44 receptors overexpressed in tumor cells. Here, a theranostic nanoparticle HA-Ce6 (DOX) with enzyme and pH dual-re...

Combined Cancer Chemo-Photodynamic and Photothermal Therapy Based on ICG/PDA/TPZ-Loaded Nanoparticles.

Although photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been an attractive strategy for several cancer treatments in the clinical setting, PDT efficacy is attenuated by consumption of oxygen. To address this photodyn...

Clinical Trials [5207 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of the Incoportation of Copper and Zinc Nanoparticles Into Dental Adhesives

The hypothesis is that Addition of copper or zinc nanoparticles to a dental adhesive confers antimicrobial and enzymatic degradation-resistant properties, retaining its adhesion mechanical...

Efficacy of Adjunctive Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy for Residual Pockets in Previously Surgically Treated Teeth

Traditionally, periodontal gum surgery has been used as a method to gain access to inflamed periodontal pockets around teeth. The outcome of these surgeries, however, is not always success...

Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy as an Adjunct Treatment for Periodontal Disease in Down's Syndrome Patients

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy as an adjuvant of scaling and root planning for treatment of periodontal disease in patients w...

An in Vitro Evaluation of Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy on Deciduous Carious Dentin

Despite of the decline of dental caries, this disease is still common in polarized groups affecting children. Therefore, the aim of this randomized blind in vivo study was to compare the a...

Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy on Periodontal Treatment and Salivary Status of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

The aim of this study is to evaluate adjuvant effect of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy in periodontal treatment and salivary status of type 1 diabetes patients.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Vinblastine derivative with antineoplastic activity against CANCER. Major side effects are myelosuppression and neurotoxicity. Vindesine is used extensively in chemotherapy protocols (ANTINEOPLASTIC COMBINED CHEMOTHERAPY PROTOCOLS).

Derivative of beta-cyclodextrin that is used as an excipient for steroid drugs and as a lipid chelator.

Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.

Combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery. It is commonly used in the therapy of cancer.

The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article