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Monosomy 7 is an indicator of malignant transformation in patients with different subtypes of severe congenital neutropenias (SCNs). We present the case of a 5-year-old male diagnosed with SCN. Standard karyotype and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses for centromere of chromosome 7 (chromosome enumeration probe 7 [CEP7]) in bone marrow samples showed disomy for chromosome 7 and a single copy of CEP7. In all cells examined, karyotype analysis of peripheral PHA-stimulated blood samples revealed disomy for chromosome 7. Our results address the issue of centromeric heteromorphism in cytogenetic analysis. Herein, we report a case where FISH using CEP7 in the bone marrow sample showed the presence of only one signal suggesting monosomy seven due to an acquired heteromorphism, whereas extensive conventional karyotyping showed disomy of chromosome 7.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pediatric hematology and oncology
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Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal sex chromosome constitution (SEX CHROMOSOME ABERRATIONS) in which there is extra or missing sex chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment).
A 17 kDa, centromeric, poly(ADP)-ribose binding protein that is structurally similar to HISTONE H3 and localizes to NUCLEOSOMES within the CENTROMERE; specifically within the region that binds KINETOCHORES, where it replaces histone H3. It plays a critical role in recruiting kinetochore proteins and progression through MITOSIS, chromosome segregation, and CYTOKINESIS. It also binds sera from patients with some scleroderma-like AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment). (from Thompson et al., Genetics in Medicine, 5th ed, p429)
Staining of bands, or chromosome segments, allowing the precise identification of individual chromosomes or parts of chromosomes. Applications include the determination of chromosome rearrangements in malformation syndromes and cancer, the chemistry of chromosome segments, chromosome changes during evolution, and, in conjunction with cell hybridization studies, chromosome mapping.
Mice homozygous for the mutant autosomal recessive gene "scid" which is located on the centromeric end of chromosome 16. These mice lack mature, functional lymphocytes and are thus highly susceptible to lethal opportunistic infections if not chronically treated with antibiotics. The lack of B- and T-cell immunity resembles severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) syndrome in human infants. SCID mice are useful as animal models since they are receptive to implantation of a human immune system producing SCID-human (SCID-hu) hematochimeric mice.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...