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Emerging roles of noncoding RNAs in T cell differentiation and functions in autoimmune diseases.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Emerging roles of noncoding RNAs in T cell differentiation and functions in autoimmune diseases."

Noncoding RNA comprises of microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) that are abundantly present in mammalian transcriptome. These noncoding RNAs have been implicated in multiple biological processes through the regulation of gene expression. Each of these noncoding RNAs were found to have multiple genes targets. Emerging literature indicated the role of noncoding RNAs in shaping the immune responses which include immune cell development, helper T (Th) cell differentiation as well as maintenance of immune homeostasis by inducing the interplay between effector and regulatory T cells. Dysregulated expression and functions of noncoding RNAs in the immune system leads to aberrations in immune response that lead to the induction of tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases. In this review, we summarize the current advances of post-transcriptional regulation, focusing on the functions of noncoding RNAs (miRNAs and lncRNAs) during differentiation of Th cells in tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International reviews of immunology
ISSN: 1563-5244
Pages: 1-14

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