Ocular Sporotrichosis: 26 Cases with Bulbar Involvement in a Hyperendemic Area of Zoonotic Transmission.

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Summary of "Ocular Sporotrichosis: 26 Cases with Bulbar Involvement in a Hyperendemic Area of Zoonotic Transmission."

: To describe 26 cases of bulbar conjunctival sporotrichosis. : Review of clinical records of patients with bulbar conjunctivitis due to culture-proven spp. infection, in Rio de Janeiro, from 2007 to 2017. : Twenty-six patients were identified. Median age was 25 years. Adults were more affected (53.8%), followed by adolescents (26.9%). There was a predominance of women (73.1%). Twenty-four patients (96%) reported contact with cats with sporotrichosis. Twenty-one patients (80.8%) presented a primary ocular sporotrichosis. Five patients presented associated eyelid lesions, and 21 (80.8%) tarsal conjunctivitis. Parinaud oculoglandular syndrome was observed in 17 (81%) patients. Eight patients (36.4%) reported the use of steroid drops before diagnosis was made. All patients were treated with oral itraconazole. Twenty-three patients (88.5%) were completely cured and three (11.5%) but one were lost to follow-up. Eight patients (34.8%) developed ocular sequelae. : Bulbar conjunctivitis is an important clinical presentation of ocular sporotrichosis. It can lead to ocular sequelae. Sporotrichosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ophthalmic external diseases, especially in patients with cat contact history.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Ocular immunology and inflammation
ISSN: 1744-5078
Pages: 1-8


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