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Tactile perception in large-area displays is currently attracting substantial research attention, since in conjunction with visible and auditory sensations, it provides more immersive and realistic interactions with displayed contents. Here, a new vibrotactile display based on the fretting phenomenon is first developed to provide localized tactile feedback on a large-area display. Normal pressure by a human fingertip activates a locally concentrated electric field in a relaxor ferroelectric polymer (RFP) film under the contact area, which produces a localized electrostrictive strain. The synergetic interplay among the localized electric field, electrostrictive deformation of the RFP film, and contact area dramatically amplifies acoustic vibrations near the contact edge of a human fingertip. A blend of poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer and poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) (55:45) copolymer is proposed for the RFP film to provide an enhanced actuation performance even at elevated temperatures. The fretting-vibrotactile mechanism has several interesting properties like tactile feedback on a stationary fingertip, pressure-responsive simple on-off mechanism, multitouch interaction, excellent transparency, and easy integration with capacitive or resistive touch sensors and friction-based haptic-feedback mechanisms. An array of RFP film vibrators can provide addressable content-related multiple tactile feedback on large-area displays by modulating the frequency, amplitude, and profile of the driving voltage signals.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: ACS applied materials & interfaces
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Complex pain syndrome with unknown etiology, characterized by constant or intermittent generalized vulva pain (Generalized vulvodynia) or localized burning sensations in the VESTIBULE area when pressure is applied (Vestibulodynia, or Vulvar Vestibulitis Syndrome). Typically, vulvar tissue with vulvodynia appears normal without infection or skin disease. Vulvodynia impacts negatively on a woman's quality of life as it interferes with sexual and daily activities.
Area of the parietal lobe concerned with receiving general sensations. It lies posterior to the central sulcus.
A papular eruption of unknown etiology that progresses to residual papular erythema and scaling usually confined to the area of the mouth, and almost exclusively occurring in young women. It may also be localized or extend to involve the eyelids and adjacent glabella area of the forehead (periocular dermatitis). (Dorland, 28th ed)
A localized defect in the visual field bordered by an area of normal vision. This occurs with a variety of EYE DISEASES (e.g., RETINAL DISEASES and GLAUCOMA); OPTIC NERVE DISEASES, and other conditions.
A type of irritant dermatitis localized to the area in contact with a diaper and occurring most often as a reaction to prolonged contact with urine, feces, or retained soap or detergent.
Hearing, auditory perception, or audition is the ability to perceive sound by detecting vibrations, changes in the pressure of the surrounding medium through time, through an organ such as the ear. Sound may be heard through solid, liquid, or gaseous mat...
A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of disease. For example: to diagnose diseases to measure the progress or recovery from disease to confirm that a person is free from disease Clin...