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Durable Lubricant Impregnated Surfaces for Water Collection under Extremely Severe Working Conditions.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Durable Lubricant Impregnated Surfaces for Water Collection under Extremely Severe Working Conditions."

It is worth noting that the multifunctional surfaces are highly desirable for water collection applications on droplet nucleation and removal. Although the superhydrophobic surfaces (SHSs) is beneficial to water collection due to easily shed liquid drops and favorable heat-transfer performance, the pinned condensed water droplets within the rough structure and a high thermodynamic energy barrier for nucleation severely limit the water collection efficiency. Recently, the liquid infused surfaces are significant for condensation heat transfer and droplet nucleation but have poor durability. In this work, under the UV light, polydimethylsiloxane was grafting onto ZnO nanorods (through Zn-O-Si bond) and the residual unbonded silicone oil was used as lubricant, so that form a hierarchical lubricant impregnated surfaces (LISs). Due to high viscosity of silicone oil and strong intermolecular force between silicone oil and PDMS brush, the lubricant can be firmly fixed in micro-nanosrtucture to form durable lubricant layer. For example, the LISs have outstanding properties for boiling water repellency, omniphobicity of various liquid and hot water resistant. Under a self-made hot vapor collection device, the surface can maintain good water collection capacity and there is no obvious change in the lubrication layer. After exposing in sunlight for 7 days and suffering 25 times heating/cooling cycles (heating at 150℃), the LISs exhibit excellent water collection and repairability. After measurement, the oil content in the water is 43mg/L, which is harmless to the human body. Via the high-water collection efficiency and durable lubricant layer, the LISs can be applied on a large scale in the water collection industry.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: ACS applied materials & interfaces
ISSN: 1944-8252
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