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Neurite outgrowth in symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease.

08:00 EDT 1st September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Neurite outgrowth in symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease."

Diverticulosis is the presence of small, bulging pouches in the lining of the intestinal colonic mucosal and submucosal layers. This condition is usually asymptomatic. The few patients (25%) that do develop abdominal symptoms are diagnosed with symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD). Up to now it is not clear which pathophysiological events trigger the transition from asymptomatic diverticulosis to SUDD. However, data from Barbaro and colleagues published in the current issue of Neurogastroenterology and Motility showed extensive axonal sprouting and increased macrophage infiltration in SUDD compared to asymptomatic diverticulosis patients. Thereby they provide more evidence suggesting that enteric neuro-plasticity, whether or not affected by infiltrating macrophages, may underlie the development of symptoms in diverticulosis.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
ISSN: 1365-2982
Pages: e13680

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Process of organizing neighboring AXONS into a bundle or a fascicle during neurite outgrowth mediated by CELL ADHESION MOLECULES.

Myelin proteins that are expressed as three isoforms: Nogo-A, Nogo-B, and Nogo-C. These share a C-terminal reticulon homology domain (RHD), consisting of two hydrophobic membrane domains flanking a 66 amino acid (Nogo-66) hydrophilic region. A long transmembrane region allows conformations that either span the entire membrane or fold into a hairpin conformation. Nogo inhibits NEURITE outgrowth and modulates wiring and the restriction of SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY in the adult central nervous system. It also regulates neurite fasciculation, branching, and extension in the developing nervous system.

A nervous tissue specific protein which is highly expressed in NEURONS during development and NERVE REGENERATION. It has been implicated in neurite outgrowth, long-term potentiation, SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION, and NEUROTRANSMITTER release. (From Neurotoxicology 1994;15(1):41-7) It is also a substrate of PROTEIN KINASE C.

In tissue culture, hairlike projections of neurons stimulated by growth factors and other molecules. These projections may go on to form a branched tree of dendrites or a single axon or they may be reabsorbed at a later stage of development. "Neurite" may refer to any filamentous or pointed outgrowth of an embryonal or tissue-culture neural cell.

Cell adhesion molecules that mediate neuron-neuron adhesion and neuron-astrocyte adhesion. They are expressed on neurons and Schwann cells, but not astrocytes and are involved in neuronal migration, neurite fasciculation, and outgrowth. Ng-CAM is immunologically and structurally distinct from NCAM.

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