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The adoption of Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) crops has improved crop yield, reduced chemical insecticide use, and induced an increase in farmer profits; however, some concerns persist about their potential environmental risks, including the impact on nontarget arthropods (Romeis et al., 2008). In China, Bt cotton was first grown commercially in 1997. As the levels of cultivated Bt cotton increased, populations of the target pest Helicoverpa armigera were found to have substantially declined (Wu et al., 2008). In addition, reduced insecticide use in Bt cotton has shown positive side effects, such as increased pest biocontrol services provided by natural enemies (Lu et al., 2012), but also negative side effects, such as mirid bug outbreaks (Lu et al., 2010). How this shift in pest status may impact interspecific arthropod interactions in Bt cotton needs to be further investigated (Zeilinger et al., 2011; Hagenbucher et al., 2013; Zhang et al., 2018). Mirid bug feeding often causes tattered leaves on host plants, suggesting that interspecific competition with other leaf-feeding insects may occur. Furthermore, mirid bugs may also prey on the cotton aphid Aphis gossypii and other arthropod pests (Jiang et al., 2015). Hence, mirid bugs have the potential to act as arthropod biocontrol agents during their outbreaks. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Plant biotechnology journal
Stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) are significant pests of cotton and soybeans in the southeastern United States with annual control costs exceeding $14 million in these crops. Three of the most pr...
Herbivorous arthropods cause immense damage in crop production annually. Consumption of these pests by insectivorous animals is of significant importance to counteract their adverse effects. Insectivo...
The Global Eradication Database (http://b3.net.nz/gerda) documents 811 eradication attempts against invasive arthropods since 1890, in 104 countries. Eradication programs show a greater than exponenti...
Lygus bugs are highly polyphagous piercing/sucking insects found throughout North America. Collectively, they have been reported to feed on over 330 plant species (one of the broadest host range ever ...
The Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Programme (CBMP) provides an opportunity to improve our knowledge of Arctic arthropod diversity, but initial baseline studies are required to summarise the stat...
During the last years, the investigators were the witness to the increase of a old emerging pest due to bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) in the world. Insecticides resistances apparitions and ...
The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene and Montefiore Medical Center, with the Fund for Public Health of New York (FPHNY), DOHMH's fiscal agent, are partnering on a stud...
The investigators evaluated the cardiac effects of Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) over-suppression in women with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) frequently encountered during suppre...
Every year the human population suffers from seasonal outbreaks of influenza resulting in both illness and death. However, the rates of illness and death from seasonal outbreaks are signif...
Burst suppression (BS) is a not physiological pattern in the electroencephalogram (EEG). BS during general anesthesia is mainly seen as a sign for too deep hypnosis and may increase the ri...
Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.
Bugs of the family CIMICIDAE, genus Cimex. They are flattened, oval, reddish insects which inhabit houses, wallpaper, furniture, and beds. C. lectularius, of temperate regions, is the common bedbug that attacks humans and is frequently a serious pest in houses, hotels, barracks, and other living quarters. Experiments have shown that bedbugs can transmit a variety of diseases, but they are not normal vectors under natural conditions. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p272)
Arthropod-borne viruses. A non-taxonomic designation for viruses that can replicate in both vertebrate hosts and arthropod vectors. Included are some members of the following families: ARENAVIRIDAE; BUNYAVIRIDAE; REOVIRIDAE; TOGAVIRIDAE; and FLAVIVIRIDAE. (From Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2nd ed)
Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.
The use of biological mechanisms, usually involving living organisms such as bacteria, for the reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous pests. Environmental concerns have focused attention on natural forms of disease control as potentially safe and effective alternatives to chemical pesticides. This has led to increased efforts to develop control strategies that rely on natural predators and parasites or that involve genetically engineered microbial pest control agents.
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. Organisms that have been genetically modified include micro-organisms such as bacteria and yeast, insects, plants, fish, an...