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Effect of different fraction of inspired oxygen on development of atelectasis in mechanically ventilated children: a randomized controlled trial.

08:00 EDT 14th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effect of different fraction of inspired oxygen on development of atelectasis in mechanically ventilated children: a randomized controlled trial."

The use of high fraction of inspired oxygen (F O ) can cause direct pulmonary toxicity and pulmonary complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different F O on development of intraoperative atelectasis in mechanically ventilated children using lung ultrasound.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Paediatric anaesthesia
ISSN: 1460-9592
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.

An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.

A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.

A protein fraction of pregnant uterine fluid which can induce and regulate blastocystic development. Blastokinin is thought to be similar or identical to uteroglobin. Presence in uterine fluid regulated by progesterone.

The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)

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