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Developing a fall prevention program: what are the views and opinions of people with multiple sclerosis?

08:00 EDT 20th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Developing a fall prevention program: what are the views and opinions of people with multiple sclerosis?"

Falls are common in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), yet there are a few targeted fall prevention programs. Existing programs report a high dropout rate and a low adherence, which may be due to a mismatch between program characteristics and participants preferences. To clarify a possible discrepancy, this study investigates the views and opinions of persons with MS on fall prevention programs. Two focus groups ( = 11) were conducted with people with MS who have a history of falls, near falls or who are concerned about their balance/falling risk. The data were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. Participants preferred short-term programs taking place in rehabilitation clinics, or physiotherapy or occupational therapy practices. They believed that the awareness for fall prevention needs to be raised among healthcare professionals. Participants expected better consultation from physio and occupational therapists regarding mobility aids and home modification. The participants wanted the programs to be practical, in-person and in groups. Online interventions were strongly rejected. Further, participants wanted balance/strength exercises and the inclusion of falling techniques in programs. The competence of knowing and accepting capacity may be an important factor in preventing falls. Investigating the views and opinions of persons with MS on fall prevention programs gave important information which can be used to inform the development of such programs. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION People with multiple sclerosis (MS) prefer short-term fall prevention programs that are practical, in-person and in groups. Online interventions were strongly rejected. People with MS want balance/strength exercises and falling techniques included within fall prevention programs. People with MS believe that awareness regarding falls prevention needs to be raised among healthcare professionals. Also, services regarding mobility aids and home modification from physio and occupational therapists are currently unsatisfactory. People with MS believe that competence in knowing and accepting their capacity to engage in activities may be a decisive factor in preventing falls.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Disability and rehabilitation
ISSN: 1464-5165
Pages: 1-9

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of PSYCHOTHERAPY that centers on the individuals as the experts in their own lives and views problems as separate from people. It is assumed that people have many skills, competencies, beliefs, values, commitments, and abilities that will assist them to reduce the influence of problems in their lives.

Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.

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The prevention of recurrences or exacerbations of a disease that already has been diagnosed. This also includes prevention of complications or after-effects of a drug or surgical procedure.

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