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Intramuscular innervation of the lateral rectus muscle evaluated using Sihler's staining technique: Potential application to Strabismus Surgery.

08:00 EDT 20th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Intramuscular innervation of the lateral rectus muscle evaluated using Sihler's staining technique: Potential application to Strabismus Surgery."

The latest research suggests that the abducens nerve may be divided into sub-branches that reach functionally distinct zones of the lateral rectus muscle. The goal of the study was to examine this muscle's innervation, including the detailed distribution of the intramuscular sub-branches of the abducens nerve.

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Name: Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.)
ISSN: 1098-2353
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of ocular misalignment where the visual axes diverge inappropriately. For example, medial rectus muscle weakness may produce this condition as the affected eye will deviate laterally upon attempted forward gaze. An exotropia occurs due to the relatively unopposed force exerted on the eye by the lateral rectus muscle, which pulls the eye in an outward direction.

The muscles that move the eye. Included in this group are the medial rectus, lateral rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique, superior oblique, musculus orbitalis, and levator palpebrae superioris.

Diseases of the oculomotor nerve or nucleus that result in weakness or paralysis of the superior rectus, inferior rectus, medial rectus, inferior oblique, or levator palpebrae muscles, or impaired parasympathetic innervation to the pupil. With a complete oculomotor palsy, the eyelid will be paralyzed, the eye will be in an abducted and inferior position, and the pupil will be markedly dilated. Commonly associated conditions include neoplasms, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, ischemia (especially in association with DIABETES MELLITUS), and aneurysmal compression. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p270)

A form of ocular misalignment characterized by an excessive convergence of the visual axes, resulting in a "cross-eye" appearance. An example of this condition occurs when paralysis of the lateral rectus muscle causes an abnormal inward deviation of one eye on attempted gaze.

Thick triangular muscle in the SHOULDER whose function is to abduct, flex, and extend the arm. It is a common site of INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTIONS.

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