Pre-Surgical Nutrition Support Reduces the Incidence of Surgical Wound Complications in Oncological Patients.

08:00 EDT 21st August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Pre-Surgical Nutrition Support Reduces the Incidence of Surgical Wound Complications in Oncological Patients."

Patients who suffer from cancer are at a higher risk of complications when they experience malnutrition. Evidence shows that oral nutritional supplements favor the healing process. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of preoperative oral nutritional intervention in oncological patients undergoing surgery. This study assessed retrospectively 55 cancer patients who previously had undergone abdominal surgery and did not have receive pre-surgical nutritional support (control group), and prospectively 30 oncological patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery and received pre-surgical high-protein nutritional support (experimental group). All patients had to have a NRS 2002 score ≥ 3. Analytical and clinical parameters were analyzed and the NRS 2002 screening test was performed. Post-operative assessments of surgical wound complications were also carried out to determine the impact of nutrition support. Pre-surgical nutritional interventions reduced the incidence and severity of wound complications as well as the length of hospital stays. Only 26.7% of patients in the experimental group had complications compared to 60% of the control group ( = 0.003). We conclude that pre-surgical nutritional interventions of patients undergoing surgery can improve post-surgical patient outcomes of malnourished patients.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Nutrition and cancer
ISSN: 1532-7914
Pages: 1-7


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [15371 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Surgical Wound Misclassification to Clean From Clean-Contaminated in Common Abdominal Operations.

Wound classification helps predict wound-related complications and is useful in stratifying surgical site infection reporting. We sought to evaluate misclassification among commonly performed surgerie...

The Perth Surgical Wound Dehiscence Risk Assessment Tool (PSWDRAT): development and prospective validation in the clinical setting.

The worldwide volume of surgery today is considerable and postoperative wound healing plays a significant part in facilitating a patient's recovery and rehabilitation. While contemporary surgical proc...

Effect of Surgical Expertise on Biomechanical Properties of Sutures After Abdominal Wall Closure.

Despite preventive methods and careful surgical technique, surgical site infection and incisional hernias are of main concern after the closure of surgical incisions and keep haunting abdominal wall w...

Preservation of the Arachnoid Membrane during Encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS) Reduces Post-Operative Complications Without Undermining the Surgical Outcome in Pediatric Moyamoya Disease.

Negative Pressure Therapy (NPWT) for Management of Surgical Wounds: Effects on Wound Healing and Analysis of Devices Evolution.

Infection and wound dehiscence are common complications after surgery and open surgical wounds are difficult to manage. Usually surgical incisions are closed by fixing the edges together. However, in ...

Clinical Trials [14414 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Surgical Wound Infections After Vascular Surgery: Prospective Multicenter Trial

The purpose of this multicentre prospective trial is to determine the incidence and risk factors for surgical wound infections. Also the investigators will evaluate consequences of wound i...

A Novel Wound Retractor Combining Continuous Irrigation and Barrier Protection Reduces Incisional Contamination and Surgical Site Infection in Colorectal Surgery

Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a problem in colorectal surgery. Strategies to reduce the incidence of SSI following colorectal surgery are important to improve overall patient outco...

Supplemental Oxygen Reduces Surgical Infection

Supplemental perioperative oxygen has been reported to halve or double the risk of surgical wound infection. We tested the hypothesis that supplemental oxygen reduces infection risk follow...

Secondary Versus Tertiary Wound Closure in High Risk Gynecologic Abdominal Surgical Incisions

The purpose of this research study is to determine if closing a surgical wound differently is better than the procedure that is currently used. The wound will be closed with what is consid...

Clinical Assessment of Next Science Wound Gels in Healing Below the Knee Amputation Surgical Wound Compared to SOC

This is a 64-patient, 90-day, open -label study on adult patients undergoing below knee amputation for various etiologies. The objective of this study is to assess surgical wound healing a...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.

An incision made during a surgical procedure.

The application of a vacuum across the surface of a wound through a foam dressing cut to fit the wound. This removes wound exudates, reduces build-up of inflammatory mediators, and increases the flow of nutrients to the wound thus promoting healing.

Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.

Hemorrhage following any surgical procedure. It may be immediate or delayed and is not restricted to the surgical wound.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Surgical treatments
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Wound management
Anything that breaks the skin is a wound because when the skin is broken, there's a risk of germs getting into the body and causing an infection. Follow and track Wound Care News on BioPortfolio: Wound Car...

Searches Linking to this Article