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The aims of this review were to compare planning for both mosquito control and land use in east-central Florida, USA, and in New South Wales, Queensland, and the Northern Territory, Australia. Saltwater mosquito production in mangroves and salt marsh is the predominant mosquito control concern in all the areas. Urban encroachment towards saltwater mosquito habitats is a problem in both Florida and Australia. In east-central Florida and the Northern Territory, mosquito control is supported by comprehensive source reduction programs, whereas in Queensland and New South Wales, larviciding is the main method of control. The long-term control by source reduction programs reduces vulnerability to mosquito issues as population encroaches towards wetlands, whereas larviciding programs have to respond repeatedly as problems arise. Problems from urban encroachment are exacerbated if mosquito control and land-use planning are not integrated. Further, urban planning that is not informed by mosquito management can lead to increased mosquito problems by inadvertent design or allowing residential development close to mosquito habitats. This increases the need for mosquito control and related resourcing. At the regional level of governance, Florida and the Northern Territory generally have greater integration between planning for development and mosquito control than at the local government level in New South Wales and Queensland, where there is a lack of integration between mosquito agencies and planners. It is concluded that coordination of planning and mosquito control is more effective at higher government levels than at local levels, which have less connectivity between management areas and/or insufficient resources. The lesson is that collaboration can assist in avoiding or resolving conflicts.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
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The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
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