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The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of Trigonella foenum graecum seed extract (TFGSE) as a root canal irrigation agent on the surface of instrumented root canals and on changes in the mineral contents of the root dentin. A total of 90 extracted human mature maxillary central incisor teeth with a single root and without root resorption were selected. The specimens were subdivided into five groups according to irrigation protocol groups G0: distilled water (n = 15): G1: Sodium hypochlorite (5.25% NaOCl); G2: 1% TFGSE G3: NaOCl +17% EDTA (3 min); G4: NaOCl+1% TFGSE; G5: 1% TFGSE +17% EDTA. All the roots were sectioned longitudinally into two halves and examined under scanning electron microscope/energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM/EDX) to assess changes in the mineral content of the tooth. Smear layer removal from root canals was evaluated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A statistical analysis was performed using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The most effective irrigation protocols in removing smear layer occurred with TFGSE and NaOCl, both with rinsing with 17% EDTA. TFGSE was more effective than NaOCl for removing the smear layer. The results showed the ability of 1% TFGSE to remove the smear layer from the root canals. TFGSE is a promising alternative irrigation agent for root canals.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Microscopy research and technique
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