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Nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine as first line therapy in metastatic pancreatic cancer patients relapsed after gemcitabine adjuvant treatment.

08:00 EDT 23rd August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine as first line therapy in metastatic pancreatic cancer patients relapsed after gemcitabine adjuvant treatment."

Nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine (Nab-Gem) represents one of the standard regimen for first-line treatment of metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma (mPDAC). However, few data are available in mPDAC relapsed after gemcitabine as adjuvant treatment. Our study aims to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of Nab-Gem as first-line treatment for mPDAC patients previously treated with adjuvant treatment. We retrospectively analyzed the safety and efficacy data of 36 patients, who received first-line Nab-Gem after gemcitabine as adjuvant treatment. All patients received gemcitabine after radical surgery. Median disease-free survival was 12 months (95% CI 9.7-14.3); at relapse, all patients received Nab-Gem. We observed an objective response rate and disease control rate of 11.1% and 63.9%, respectively. With a median follow-up of 47 months, median progression-free survival was 5 months (95% CI 1.0-9.0), whereas median overall survival (OS) was 13 months (95% CI 5.5-20.5). Median OS was higher in patients with a relapse ≥ 7 months after the end of adjuvant treatment than in patients relapsed < 7 months (14 vs. 8 months, respectively, p: 0.52). Our results show that first-line Nab-Gem is feasible and effective in patients previously treated with gemcitabine as adjuvant treatment.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England)
ISSN: 1559-131X
Pages: 83

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An injectable formulation of albumin-bound paclitaxel NANOPARTICLES.

An estrogen responsive cell line derived from a patient with metastatic human breast ADENOCARCINOMA (at the Michigan Cancer Foundation.)

Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.

A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.

Extracts prepared from pancreatic tissue that may contain the pancreatic enzymes or other specific uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities. PANCREATIN is a specific extract containing digestive enzymes and used to treat pancreatic insufficiency.

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