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Use of the tetanus quick stick (TQS) test in the emergency services.

08:00 EDT 21st August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Use of the tetanus quick stick (TQS) test in the emergency services."

Standard procedure when treating tetanigenic risk wounds in an emergency room setting, usually includes administering a dose of gamma-globulin or/and a tetanus vaccine. The rapid detection test (Tetanus Quick Stick [TQS]) can better the current procedure of detecting people who are not immunized. Our objective was to review and analyse the validity of the TQS test, and determine the cost-benefit with the data available. We searched the following data bases for information: WoS, PubMed, EMBASE & SCOPUS. After reviewing articles and applying inclusion/exclusion criteria, we included 20 articles mostly European and written by Emergency room services. Sensitivity ranged from 55%-100%, specificity from 66.6%-100%,
PPV:
81.1%-100%,
NPV:
42.9%-100%. Most of the tests supported the cost-benefit analysis of the TQS test. We determined that in emergency room situations, it would be beneficial to use the TQS test, and an example of good clinical practice.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Medicina clinica
ISSN: 1578-8989
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.

Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.

Professionals responsible for relaying calls for the deployment of EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES.

The use of communication systems, such as telecommunication, to transmit emergency information to appropriate providers of health services.

A disease caused by tetanospasmin, a powerful protein toxin produced by CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI. Tetanus usually occurs after an acute injury, such as a puncture wound or laceration. Generalized tetanus, the most common form, is characterized by tetanic muscular contractions and hyperreflexia. Localized tetanus presents itself as a mild condition with manifestations restricted to muscles near the wound. It may progress to the generalized form.

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