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Population cigarette consumption is declining in many countries. Accurate estimates of long- and short-term changes are vital for policy evaluation and planning. Survey data and sales data that are used to make these estimates each have important potential biases, so triangulation using different methods is required for robust estimation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: JAMA network open
Banning electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) sales to minors has been a key policy to protect children from e-cigarettes in the United States and Canada, but to date little is known about the outcome of...
Very few countries regulate maximum cigarette pack size. Larger, non-standard sizes are increasingly being introduced by the tobacco industry. Larger portion sizes increase food consumption; larger ci...
UK alcohol consumption per capita has fallen by 18% since 2004 while the alcohol-specific death rate has risen by 6%. Inconsistent consumption trends across the population may explain this. Drawing on...
Completely substituting e-cigarettes (EC) for combustible tobacco cigarettes reduces exposure to toxicants and carcinogens. However, a large proportion of EC users (dual users) continue to smoke conve...
The use of e-cigarettes is increasing in the US but there is still a paucity of research on the metabolic effects of e-cigarette use. The goal of this work was to determine the association between e-c...
This project is the survey on smoking behavior in Taiwan. The survey information will be used to analyze the influence of the earmarked tax of cigarettes on (1)the consumption of cigarett...
Justification Smoking is a major factor for mortality and cardiovascular morbidity. The electronic cigarette, sometimes presented as smoking cessation "classic" is expanding but its safety...
This study will compare nicotine delivery and smoking behaviour in healthy subjects using several combustible cigarette prototypes containing different ingredients which are commonly used ...
Background: Smokers attended to outpatient clinics present an excellent 'teachable moment' for smoking cessation interventions. This protocol paper describes the rationale and methods of a...
Poor glycemic control in patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is due to multiple factors and suboptimal dietary pattern is one of them .Assessing eating/dietary patterns (combinations of di...
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
The geographic area of New England in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. States usually included in this region are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.
Assessment of the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured and directly reported by the patient.
Comparison of outcomes, results, responses, etc for different techniques, therapeutic approaches or other inputs.
The Top 100 Pharmaceutical Companies
Top 10 biotech and pharmaceutical companies worldwide based on market value in 2015 2015 ranking of the global top 10 biotech and pharmaceutical companies based on revenue (in billion U.S. dollars) Johnson & Johnson, U.S. 74...