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Cognitive behavioral therapeutic interventions are considered to be one of the most effective forms of treatment of various mental disorders. Besides being very frequent, sleep disorders, such as insomnia and nightmare disorder are often not treated effectively and guideline-conform, mainly due to the lack of qualified psychotherapists. Implementation of modern technical options, such as web-based psychotherapy can help to overcome this problem. This article presents the current situation in the treatment of insomnia and nightmare disorders as particularly well-suited fields of application. For insomnia there are several English language and also recently German language options, which for example were also evaluated for the application to work-related stress and sleep disorders. In this respect, procedures with and without contact to a therapist or multicomponent procedures and single interventions can be differentiated. For nightmare disorders imagery rehearsal therapy provides a structure, which can also easily be transferred to an internet-based therapy program. The currently beginning use of internet-based treatment of sleep disorders does not yet utilize all theoretically available technical possibilities. The potential of internet-based therapy is extremely versatile and it remains for medical sleep experts to consider which method can be used for which indications.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Der Nervenarzt
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A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses MINDFULNESS and behavioral activation to increase patients' psychological flexibility in areas such as ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.
A chronobiologic disorder resulting from rapid travel across a number of time zones, characterized by insomnia or hypersomnolence, fatigue, behavioral symptoms, headaches, and gastrointestinal disturbances. (From Cooper, Sleep, 1994, pp593-8)
An autosomal dominant disorder characterized by degeneration of the THALAMUS and progressive insomnia. It is caused by a mutation in the prion protein (PRIONS).
Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...